Balboa Park History 1992

January 2, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Tribune) Robert Dietrich: Rising tide of violence linked to sailors in U.S. Navy.

January 9, 1992, 4 (San Diego Independent) Patrick McArdle: Balboa Park Citizens’ Advisory Committee wants tent city for area homeless complete with cellular phones, portable showers and bathrooms . . . The camp would house 300 to 400 people, Alice Stark, committee member, said, adding than an acre of space is needed. She criticized the operation of an emergency shelter in the Federal Building in Balboa Park which is used in inclement weather. Critics charge the homeless aren’t made aware of when or it will be open and a permanent place is needed.

January 9, 1992, 5:1-2. (San Diego Independent) Mark Gabrish Conlan: AIDS activists are divided over possible memorial in Balboa Park; the AIDS Memorial Task Force, consisting of 30 long-time activists, plans to raise up to $50,000 to construct the memorial and has picked a prospective location adjacent to the Rose Garden in Balboa Park.

January 10, 1992, D-1 (San Diego Union)Divina Infusino: San Diego has rich & varied Japanese imprints

January 12, 1992, D-3 (San Diego UnionRoger M. Showley: City explored many names before claiming right one for Balboa Park Historian Samuel Eliot Morrison wrote: “We must not forget Alonso Martin, who reached the Pacific a day before Balboa, paddled out in a dugout and shouted to his comrades (marching with Balboa) to bear witness he was the first to sail on that ocean.”

January 16, 1992, A-1, A-7 (San Diego Tribune) John R. Lamb: Rifts tear House of Pacific Relations; Earning a name as House of Uneasy Relations. Three months after a rancorous squabble led to the ouster of the House of Latin America, the 56-year old family of international cottages is embroiled in another dispute: this time the controversial sacking of the House of Italy’s president and claims that a house member attacked and injured him.

January 17, 1992, B-13 (San Diego Union) Obituary: Florence Christman; was teacher, author.

Florence Christman has so many friends and admirers that they may ignore her desire not to make any fuss over her death and hold a memorial service in her honor.

She died yesterday at the age of 95, following a long illness in Mercy Convalescent Center, capping what friends called a remarkable life.

Miss Christman grew up on a farm in Kansas, became a rural schoolmarm who went on to become a pioneer in public health nursing and in retirement wrote what has become the book on Balboa Park.

“She was a product of the times before cars and planes; she read by a kerosene lamp. And then, to go on to get a master’s degree from Columbia, and do the things she did, it was amazing,” said Kevin Munnelly.

Munnelly is an endowment officer for the city of San Diego. He became an admirer of Miss Christman 18 years ago when she donated her house in Pacific Beach to the city. She specified that the proceeds from the sale of the house, after her death, go to a trust fund for the beautification of her beloved park.

Her book, The Romance of Balboa Park, traces the history of the park from its naming to the planting of its trees and how explosives were needed to loosen the plow-breaking hardpan soil. The text was used for college courses on the park, and is now in its fourth printing.

Munnelly said there may be a memorial in the next few weeks, but details are pending.

Miss Christman was born in Smith Center, Kansas, and liked to joke that she saved her parents 33 percent of the $15 birth cost by arriving before the doctor did.

It was a good corn crop that changed her life, she once wrote, when her father decided he had enough money to send her to high school. From there, she started teaching and saved enough to take herself to nursing school at what was to become Hastings College in Nebraska.

She branched into public health nursing, taking a degree at which is now Case Western in Cleveland and Columbia University in New York where she earned her master’s in public health nursing.

During the Great Depression she worked with the poorest of the poor in Ohio, Kentucky and Arizona, driving cross-country alone in the days when most women did not do such things.

She wrote about being rescued in the middle of the Arizona desert in the 1930s by a man from Kentucky, who talked to her of the old state, and shared “warming libations.”

In retirement, she moved to the beach in San Diego and during World War II split up her beachfront property in Mission Beach into apartments, which she sold in 1967, and moved to Pacific Beach.

All along she spent her time volunteering, at the Whaley House in Old Town, at Balboa Park, for the Committee of 100, and the San Diego Zoo.

In a brief autobiography, she ended the story of her life with a quote from Robert Browning:

“Grow old along with me, the best is yet to be, the last of life for which the first was made — our times are in his hands.”

January 21, 1992 A-1 (San Diego Tribune) Michael W. Hager, director, brings new purpose to tired museum

January 28, 1992 B-7 (San Diego Tribune) Man’s body found in culvert next to Cabrillo freeway

February 2, 1992 C-4 (San Diego Union) Don Driese: How San Diego’s century-old ties with the Navy began

February 2, 1992 F-12 (San Diego Union) With that extra quarter-acre, rose garden gets rounded out

February 4, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union) Bill Callahan: Two sailors boast they won’t be tied to slayings

February 5, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union) Pat Flynn: $200,000 campaign will boost tourism

February 13, 1992 C-5 (San Diego Union) Preston Turegano: Public art policy for city urged

February 16, 1992 F-18 (San Diego Union) A blooming good walk in Balboa Park

February 18, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union) Auto Museum adds five cars

February 20, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union) 34-year old stabbing victim in serious condition.

February 21, 1992 B-5 (San Diego Union) Peter Irons: City’s cross crusade is at odds with the law: The council and the mayor are misleading the public. No matter how many voters approve, the city cannot divest itself of dedicated parkland. The Mount Soledad cross has violated the California Constitution since the day it was erected. It must come down.

February 23, 1992 H-7 (San Diego Union) Letter, Bob Homer: Don’t sacrifice facilities in Federal Building for Hall of Champions

February 25, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union) New park northwest corner of 3rd & Maple streets

March 5, 1992, A-2 (San Diego Union) Neil Morgan: Grading our city on how it looks & on its soul

March 8, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union) Cheryl Clark: AIDS memorial proving divisive

March 11,1992 B-3 (San Diego Union) Gang sweep nets 39 in Balboa Park

March 15, 1992 (San Diego Union) F-1 Karen C. Wilson: Seuss Park – the idea touches the heart of San Diegans

March 22, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) E-1 Behind exhibits, Centers display discontent; Although the men and women who direct the park’s cultural institutions meet regularly as the Central Balboa Park Association and each museum is a member of the Inter-Museum Promotional Council, museum operators and park administrators don’t always communicate..

March 22, 1992 E-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Balboa Park, the Smithsonian of the West; the park offers a showcase of San Diego’s varied cultural life: Within a 290-acre core of 1,400-acre Balboa Park is a concentration of museums, art galleries, theaters and cultural centers many county residents and tourists regard as the cultural heart of San Diego.

Like those of the Smithsonian Institution along the Mall in Washington, the establishments are within walking distance of each other, prompting many park administrators and museum officials to call the setting “The Smithsonian of the West.”

March 22, 1992 E-6 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Tuesday is free day” in Balboa park

March 22, 1992 E-6 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano:

Plan will prepare Balboa Park for 20th century; the two-volume 700-page Balboa Park Central Mesa Precise Plan will be scrutinized by the council later this spring after the council’s Public Facilities & Recreation Committee.

After years of careful study and protracted discussions, a long-range plan to rebuild or restore aging buildings, better control vehicular and pedestrian traffic and preserve open space in central Balboa Park is nearing formal adoption by the San Diego City Council.

Implementation of the Balboa Park Central Mesa Precise Plan will impact the operation of some of the city’s most revered cultural institutions.

The two-volume, 700-page plan will be scrutinized by the council later this spring after the council’s Public Facilities and Recreation Committee gives its approval late next month or in early May. Throughout the review process, public comment will be welcome.

Without a precise restoration and park use plan, the institutions face possible deterioration and run, city officials say.

The Balboa Park Master Plan — a more generalized document — was adopted by the City Council in 1989 and is to be supported by a series of precise plans and expenditures for various sections, or mesas, of the park over the next several years.

Restoration and rebuilding of Central Mesa structures have been made possible by the city’s hotel-motel tax — formally known as the transient occupancy tax, or TOT — and the sale of bonds, known as “certificates of participation.”

The tax was increased from 7 cents to 9 cents on every dollar in 1990. Today, one penny of each 9 cents is dedicated to funding improvements in both Balboa and Mission Bay parks.

About $60 million is expected to be raised and spent between now and 1997, the first phase of Central Mesa improvements.

Among initial improvements totaling about $10 million will be the demolition and rebuilding of the House of Charm and House of Hospitality, two structures built of mostly lath and plaster for the 1915 Panama California Exposition that celebrated the opening of the Panama Canal.

Some money in the first phase of work will go for repairs on the Casa del Prado and Casa de Balboa, which were rebuilt in the 1970s, and the exteriors of other park buildings.

New traffic and pedestrian information signs displaying a uniform park logo will also appear over the next few years. More parking spaces will be added by restriping parking lots.

A plan proposal for a subterranean multi-level parking structure behind the organ pavilion has been put off until a second phase of improvements begins in 1998 because money for the structure had to be deferred for expenditures in Mission Bay Park.

Once the parking garage is built, the parking lot at the Plaza de Panama, which is in front of the San Diego Museum of Art and Houses of Charm and Hospitality, and a larger lot in front of the Aerospace and Automotive museums, will become pedestrian promenades.

The Central Balboa Park Association, an advisory panel whose members are museum directors and presidents of each museum board of trustees, has formally notified the city it would like to see a detailed schedule of planned park improvements and expenditures under the precise plan. The association also urges retention of existing parking lots until the parking structure is a reality.

“Other than a few specific concerns, we believe the precise plan is a good one and will prove beneficial if implemented properly, said Dick Bundy, chairman of the association.

“No (existing) spaces will be taken away until the (new parking) structure is built,” said David Twomey, assistant Park & Recreation Department director and the city official closed to the Balboa Park Central Mesa Precise Plan.

Twomey stressed that increasing attendance in the park and vehicular traffic cannot be ignored and must be dealt with in some fashion now.

For the past several years, the Balboa Park institutions have been attracting about 3 million visitors annually. Annually, about 5,500 people work at the institutions as paid staff, board members, trustees or as volunteers.

About 4 million more people visit the San Diego Zoo annually, and an additional 4 million come to the park for special events or outdoor activity each year.

To reduce vehicular traffic in the park, the city last year began encouraging the use of public transportation, contracting with a private company that provides tram service.

Tram drivers and employees of park cultural institutions are being asked to participate in a park security program based on the community Neighborhood Watch anti-crime program in which citizens watch each others homes and report crimes.

Many of the museums are currently negotiating with a private security company to supplement San Diego police patrolling, even if the cost of the private service means having to increase admission fees to museums and facilities.

The Precise Plan calls for expanding the Park Ranger service and for the development of a volunteer nighttime escort system to accompany people to their cars.

Twomey, who is confident the Precise Plan will be adopted without much change, said the underlying philosophy of the plan is to make “free, open and accessible park land (available) for people.”

March 22, 1992, E-6. Annual attendance at Balboa Park cultural institutions, 1998, 1989, 1990 and 1991.

March 30, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Science Fair opens Thursday in Federal Building

April 5, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

Terry Rodgers: Crowd jams hearing on East Balboa Park Plan.

Concern over the traffic implications of a development plan for eastern Balboa Park drew a standing-room-only crowd of about 60 people to a public hearing yesterday.

While many of these testifying at the hearing endorsed the concept of improving the long-neglected parkland east of the zoo and museums, several residents living adjacent to the park complained that the plan would reroute traffic into their neighborhoods.

Aside from outlining an estimated $50 million in improvements for the next 30 years, the East Mesa Precise Plan attempts to give the 620-acre area a more parklike feeling by either rerouting traffic around the park or slowing it down as it passes through.

To accomplish this goal, the plan calls for major changes in the circulation pattern including:

The closing of Florida Drive between Morley Field and Zoo Place.

The rerouting of Pershing Drive at the northeast corner of the park to connect directly with Upas Street, thus converting the five-way intersection at Pershing, Upas and 28th Streets into a four-way intersection. (Park planners are also considering closing the portion of Pershing between Redwood and Ups Streets).

The closure of the 26th entrance into the park and the creation of a new access at 25th Street.

A majority of those testifying yesterday before the Balboa Park Committee were upset over the proposed realignment of Pershing Drive.

“I beg you not to approve this plan without further traffic studies,” said North Park resident Scott Ehrlich.

Ehrlich, a law professor at California Western School of Law, said the proposed realignment of Pershing Street would reroute traffic to his neighborhood, resulting in lower property values and unsafe conditions for residents.

Jim Ray, a representative to the Greater Golden Hill Planning Board, said he was opposed to the planned closures of both 26th Street and Golf Course Drive.

“We don’t want to turn 25th or 26th Street into a speedway for somebody to get somewhere else,” he said.

Joan Griffin, a representative of the Greater North Park Planning Committee, urged the park planners to give more thought to improving security at the East Mesa, which many people consider unsafe because of crime and because of a fluctuating homeless problem.

Expressing disdain for the plan’s so-called eco-vision concept that calls for replanting certain areas of the park with native vegetation, Griffin said: “A 6-inch high patch of prickly grasses isn’t something we’d want to play in.”

The environmental slant of the plan seemed to have few admirers.

April 9, 1992, Los Angeles Times, San Diego County Edition, View Section, E-1. Architecture: Plans for East Mesa 1st Rate: Balboa Park; Unfortunately, implementation of the improvements ia a long way off for the long-neglected, area, by Dirk Sutro.

April 9, 1992 D-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) L. Erik Bratt: City attractions draw fewer tourists while big parks hold ground

April 12, 1992 F-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Kay Kaiser: Striking a balance for landscaping; architects do more than just fill planters

April 16, 1992 B-9 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Killer gets 15 years in park slaying

April 16, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) R. H. Growald: Navy fighter coming back to life in Aerospace Museum basement

April 19, 1992 B-5 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Steve La Rue: Activities planned here for Earth Day

April 23, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Steve La Rue: Fifth-graders lend hand on Earth Day with Florida Canyon project

April 25, 1992 A-15 (San Diego Union-Tribune) John Marelius: Perot backers fill Organ Pavilion

April 26, 1992 B-1, B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

Terry Rodgers: Plan for park’s ‘East Mesa’; to turn garbage into gold; East Mesa Precise Plan would replace Pershing Drive city-maintenance operations station with park land.

Not everyone knows that Balboa Park, the refined cultural heart of San Diego, has an ugly twin called East Mesa.

This long-neglected portion of San Diego’s premier inner-city park has been something of a civic embarrassment.

Tourist maps of Balboa Park conspicuously omit directions to the 620-acre East Mesa, a 70-acre swath of which was used as a garbage dump until 1974.

While visitors to the west side of the park, or Central Mesa, are charmed by street jugglers, Spanish architecture and a botanical garden setting, East Mesa remains a magnet for the homeless, who set up makeshift shelters I the over-grown jungle of Florida Canyon.

But a new plan has been drafted to remake East Mesa into a more suitable companion to Balboa Park, which at 1,400 acres is larger than New York’s Central Park or San Francisco’s Golden Gate Park.

The East Mesa Precise Plan, a document of more than 200 pages, favors open space and passive uses, such as jogging, kite flying and picnicking over more traditional hardscape park designs that give preference to active sports.

The authors of the plan, the consulting firm of Wallace Roberts & Todd, describe their design theme as an eco-vision that emphasizes the restoration of the park’s native chaparral and coastal sage scrub.

“Few other areas within the dense central core of San Diego could offer the opportunity to experience natural areas . . . with close proximity to residential neighborhoods and downtown,” the plan states.

The plan, which will be presented for public comment at a May 4 hearing before the Balboa Park Committee, outlines $44.5 million in improvements for East Mesa over the next 30 years.

The 3 p.m. meeting will be held at the War Memorial Building at Balboa Park.

Through a special allocation from hotel room-tax revenues, the Parks & Recreation Department expects to have about $58 million available for projects at Balboa Park through 1997, said Dave Twomey, the department’s assistant director.

Although all of those funds are currently earmarked for projects on the Central Mesa, the council could allocated some of the money to East Mesa once the precise plan is approved, he said.

“If the council sees something in this plan that they like, they could make it a priority project,” said Deborah Sharpe, project director of the East Mesa Precise Plan.

Like any city project, community support will be critical, she said.

A new entry plaza and triangular children’s park proposed at Upas and 28th Streets may go forward first because it would be developed in conjunction with a reclaimed-water project.

The city’s Clean Water Program plans include construction of a 3.5-million gallon storage tank at the site, which is currently a depression that’s occasionally used by the homeless as a camp site.

A 24-inch diameter pipeline from Mission Valley would deliver reclaimed water to irrigate East Mesa, including its two golf course.

Along with restoring the natural landscape, the plan calls for a system of pedestrian and bicycle access trails, including the addition of eight pedestrian bridges that would cross park canyons, linking the East Mesa to surrounding communities and to the Central Mesa.

Another major aspect of the design calls for opening the park edge to the adjacent communities of North Park and Golden Hill. Pocket parks and tot lots would be carved out along the boundaries of the park, inviting nearby residents back into the park.

“Right now, we don’t have anything there (on the park’s periphery) that attracts positive uses,” said Sharpe, the city’s project director. “The way it is now, it doesn’t engage people to use it who are in close proximity.”

Luring more families into the park is critical to remaking East Mesa’s image from a crime-infested area controlled by street people.

The central portion — a mesa that masks the former landfill — is planned as a 40-acre expanse of open grassland suitable for model airplane flying, picnics and other non-organized activities.

West of the mesa an art park is planned that could accommodate temporary exhibits. One idea is to exhibit sculptures made of recycled materials to remind people of the garbage just below the surface.

Richard Posner, a Los Angeles artist who assisted the design team, conceived of this area as an alchemy park, in which the city would be “turning garbage into gold,” said Kathleen Garcia, project manager for Wallace, Roberts & Todd.

To the east of the old dump, the parks department nursery would be renamed Kate Sessions Park Nursery and opened to the public to view demonstration gardens and botanical displays.

Pedestrian and vehicular circulation through the park would be dramatically altered. Florida Drive would be closed and repaved — from Zoo Place to Morley Field Drive — as a wide jogging and bicycle trail. At the northeast end, Pershing Drive would be realigned and stop signs would be installed to slow traffic.

Date Street from 28th Street to the golf course would be closed.

Despite its emphasis on enhancing the park’s natural environment, the plan retains all existing recreational facilities, including the Balboa Tennis Club and the Kerns community swimming pool, both of which would undergo major remodeling or reconstruction.

Specialized sport facilities such as the fly casting pool and the bicycle velodrome would be shifted to different locations.

“Nobody’s booted,” said Garcia.

Nobody, that is, except city maintenance crews at the Pershing Drive operations station, which under the plan would be reclaimed as park land.

The unsightly operations station, which currently welcomes visitors with a display of garbage trucks and a cyclone fence topped with razor wire, would be converted into a more fitting gateway to Balboa Park.

The site would be remade into a recreation complex featuring a soccer field, a velodrome and stadium as well as a picnic area with a pond.

Planners decided to put the crowd-drawing uses in this canyon because access could be controlled and the lights could be shielded from the adjoining neighborhood.

At the north end, the sports fields at Morley Field would be reconfigured around a central tree-lined promenade with picnic facilities for people to watch the games.

A new 1-acre pond would be built to accommodate fly casters and duck lovers alike. The existing fly-casting pond was built over the landfill and was abandoned after the land settled and rendered the pond unable to hold water.

The plan proposes a total of 500 new parking spaces, nearly half of which would be at the new Pershing Recreation Complex.

While all the details of the Precise Plan are still being studied by community leaders, Joan Griffin, a civic activist who has lived next to the park for 11 years, said she was not impressed by the document.

“I’m disappointed again,” she said, complaining that it is not specific enough and fails to adequately address her top concern: public safety.

The plan does advocate the installation of additional lighting along with emergency call boxes in remote areas, a vegetation control program, and it recommends a Neighborhood Watch program.

Project director Sharpe said she sympathizes with neighboring residents who are tired of putting up with crime in the park. She suggests the plan can only set the framework for community activists to reclaim.

“You can’t change a societal problem with a precise plan,” said Sharpe. “The key to making a place safe is activating it, and that means designing it to attract legitimate uses.”

April 27, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Drew Silvern: Earth Day ‘92 Fair drew an estimated 50,000 to 80,000 people to Balboa Park yesterday

April 30, 1992 (UPDATE) Fred Scholl: Areas of Morley Field “off limits”; censure similar to Black’s Beach: A new area now being posted as closed for purposes of a revegetation project is the area of natural growth just south of the bicycle racing track at Morley Field in Balboa Park and southwest of the baseball diamonds. It is an area that for years has been a very popular place for residents of North Park to take their dogs for walks. It has also been a popular cruising area for a number of years, with may trails, well-worn, through the shrubbery.

April 30, 1992 A-8. (UPDATE) Balboa Park Committee rejects AIDS memorial; new task force meeting May 4: The Balboa Park Committee, the first city advisory group to hear the proposal for an AIDS memorial in Balboa Park, rejected a plan on Monday April 6, by a 5-1 vote. . . . The committee questioned the among of money being budgeted for the project, the degree of community support for it, and the entire concept of building an AIDS “memorial” while many people are still living with the disease.

May, 1992 (UPTOWN) Gig Conaughton: Giving Away the Park — Implementing the Heart of the City Plan is No Day in the Park: One year ago, Third District Councilmember John Hartley headed up a highly publicized drive to “take back” Balboa Park from the rising wave of homelessness and crime driving residents and tourists alike from one of the city’s prime attractions. The plan was extremely ambitious. Maybe too ambitious.

Working hand in hand with Hartley is developer Janay Kruger, then on the board of directors of the Centre City Development Corp. Called the “Heart of the City” program, the plan’s original goals were to provide a safe environment for people using the park and to discourage people from using the park illegally. It also hoped to help solve the problem caused by the legions of homeless, and to expel those people who use the park to prey on victims.

May 3, 1992 F-17 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Dick Streeper: Construction begins soon on rose garden addition

May 5, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Crowds jam hearing on east Balboa Park plan

May 5, 1992 B-8 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

EDITORIAL: Art must be protected: fencing essential for garden sculpture at San Diego Museum of Contemporary Art: Besides, to have a sophisticated sculpture garden, fencing is essential to protect the art. The sculpture garden at the Museum of Art in Balboa Park is enclosed by a high fence; sculpture gardens at museums throughout the nation are enclosed.

May 5, 1992 C-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

Balboa’s tile repair planned for this fall; until missing tiles at the Plaza de Balboa are replaced, asphalt will be used for repair: Visitors to the Plaza de Balboa, adjoining the San Diego Natural History Museum and the Reuben H. Fleet Space Theater and Science Center will have to walk carefully around broken tiles for six more months before repair work begins in the area.

In recent years, red ceramic tiles throughout the plaza have cracked or shattered because they are too thin or were laid too close to the surface, according to David Twomey, assistant city Park & Recreation Department director. He said moisture has undermined the tiles and dissolved the adhesive used to bond the squares to below-surface concrete.

A plan has been approved by city officials to replace the tiles with thicker ones that will be embedded deeper into the surface, Twomey said. Replacement is scheduled to begin in the fall at a cost of about $105,000. The money will come from city hotel-motel room tax revenue that will finance other improvements in San Diego’s cultural heart over the next 10 years.

“It’s been a problem that has needed attention for a long time,” said Jeffrey Kirsch, executive director of the Space Theater & Science Center. He said employees of the center have complained to Park & Recreation about the plaza’s unsightliness.

City Management Department officials say “amazingly” no one has ever filed a claim against the city as a result of falling or slipping on the broken tiles.

May 6, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Council axes homeless plan.

May 8, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Man is stabbed in Balboa Park

May 8, 1992 B-14 (San Diego Union-Tribune) EDITORIAL: The cross decision; religious freedom is a two-way street: Opponents of the crosses on Mount Soledad and Mount Helix argued in federal appeals court this week that the landmarks should be torn down because they constitute the government showing a preference for one religion over others. Yet if the mere presence of a religious symbol of public property is ruled unconstitutional, San Diego may have to remove many other monuments in the name of religious freedom.

May 14, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) 163 now officially a ‘scenic highway’

May 14, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Burglars take city truck from a garage at municipal golf course.

May 15, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Patricia Dibsie: Josephine Scripps dies at 81; rancher loved mineralogy

May 19, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Tom Blair: Highway 163 through Balboa Park has been officially designated a ‘scenic highway’ by Caltrans

May 21, 1992 4 (San Diego Independent)

Jonathan S. Petrikin. New policy will help create more “rational” art: The status of public art in several of the city’s improvement projects — including Balboa Park’s East Mesa Precise Plan — was recently given a boost when the San Diego City Council unanimously approved legislation that will result in what proponents argue is a more rational public art policy.

The ordinance, passed April 20, represents a departure from the traditional “percent for art” programs still being used in other cities, according to Victoria Hamilton, executive director of the downtown-based San Diego Commission for Arts and Culture. Under the commission-sponsored law, Hamilton said, 1 percent of the city’s capital outlay funds will continue to be set aside for artwork in public facilities and the commission’s neighborhood-oriented Public Art Master Plan (PAMP). The difference is that the city will no longer be required to spend that 1 percent on each and every capital improvement project (CIP) — including those that the public would never see, Hamilton said.

In his February report on the proposed legislation, Deputy City Manager Bruce Herring outlined another key benefit, namely that artists would be brought in on approved CIPs, right from the start of those projects. The resulting artwork, he said, would not only be more site-specific and responsive to the community’s needs, but also would be included in the project’s overall budget.

“There was never any artistic criterion when evaluating proposals in the past and now there is,” Herring said. “The incentive is that (designers and contractors) many have a better chance of winning the contract if they go a good job with this criterion.”

While admitting that Balboa Park’s $45 million East Mesa Precise Plan was framed prior to the new legislation, Kathleen Garcia, project manager for the consulting firm that developed the plan, explained that in conjunction with the Commission for Arts and Culture, artists were selected who “no only came up with more specific piece suggestions, but, more importantly, they really informed the whole planning process.”

Out of this artistic corroboration, Garcia said, came the idea of recycled material sculptures which would celebrate the fact that parts of East Mesa parkland had previously been used as a public landfill. If approved, these and other artworks of the proposed Alchemy Park could cost $300,00 [sic] per year over the project’s 20-year implementation period, or about 15 percent of the total project’s cost, Garcia explained.

In a similar fashion, the new ordinance on public art will allow more flexibility as to where increasingly scarce funds can be spent, Hamilton explained, pointing out that the city’s capital outlay fund has dwindled from “hundreds of thousands” of dollars a couple of years ago to a mere $55,296 this fiscal year. What is left in that fund, Hamilton said, will largely go toward the commission’s award-winning PAMP, while more expensive CIP artwork, like the East Mesa plan, will be paid for out of the city’s CIP fund.

According to Herring’s February report, the new public art policy will also provide “leveraging opportunities” to attract public and private grants to help defray the cost of CIP artwork. The report named the California Arts Council and the National Endowment for the Arts as possible benefactors.

Meanwhile, departmental response to the new legislation has been favorable, Hamilton said. In addition to the Department of Parks & Recreation’s Balboa Park projects, Hamilton said, that at least four other department directors — ranging from Waste Management do Engineering and Development — have demonstrated what she called a “jump on board” attitude toward employing artists in their CIPs.

May 24. 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) A-2 Neil Morgan: The secret gardens of Balboa Park

May 24, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) B-1 John Wilkins: Junk car rebuilt into a classic museum star

May 24, 1992 E-5 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Robert Pincus: Jasper Johns ‘Seasons’ a change for Museum of Art.

May 29, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Jim O’Connell: Gang members sign up for job program

June 1, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Ronald W. Powell: Multi-cultural, Drug-free festival in Balboa Park yesterday

June 1, 1992 D-10 (San Diego Union-Tribune) T. R. Reinman: Golf series making pitch for minority youths

June 2, 1992 C-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Mayor Wilson says outlook for arts budget is grim

June 4, 1992 B-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Panel OKs revised plan for Balboa Park . . . ?

June 4, 1992 C-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Museum of Photographic Art lands work of Lou Stoumen, photo pioneer

June 4, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Night & Day-21 Arthur Salm: Flat out, that lawn’s for bowling

June 5, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) B-6 Terry Rodgers: Park panel won’t alter street design . . . ?

June 5, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) E-7 T. R. Reinman: Tee times the topic of contention

June 6, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) B-2 Balboa Park Committee has approved East Mesa plan after rejecting proposed new street pattern for northeast corner of park

June 8, 1992 C-5 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Milrose B. Bases: Guides offered laymen on setting up living trusts

June 11, 1992 B-6 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Mayor O’Connor working on Kremlin gold exhibit

June 11, 1992 E-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Burl Stiff: San Diego-Yokohama Sister City Society celebrates anniversary

June 12, 1992 F-9 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Robert Pincus: Opposition to public art bars dedication of Andrea Blums’ ‘Split Pavilion’ in Carlsbad

June 14, 1992 F-13 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Ann Jarmusch: Some enchanted remodel; fantasy & dream highlight Old Globe Theater renovation

June 18, 1992 A-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Jim O’Connell: City Parks – violent places?

June 21, 1992 D-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Burl Still: Dinosaur EGGS-hibit all it’s cracked up to be

June 21, 1992 F-30 (San Diego Union-Tribune) J. Fred Sidhu: Naval Hospital parking building for 607 vehicles done; three-story, 189,960 square foot project; architect Dick & Fritsche Design Group of Phoenix; cost $5.7 million.

June 22, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Space Theater project funded: The Reuben H. Fleet Space Theater and Science Center has obtained a $102,000 grant to develop a multimedia planetarium project on thermonuclear research.

The U.S. Department of Energy grant, announced yesterday, will fund an OMNIMAX film, “Starpower,” which will explore the search for ways to develop thermonuclear fusion as an energy source.

June 22, 1992 B-6 (San Diego Union-Tribune) EDITORIAL: Parks under siege; community action is needed to reclaim them: When police and residents organize a Park Watch, it sends the message that they’re determined not to surrender to lawless elements.

June 22, 1992 B-7 (San Diego Union-Tribune) OPINION: Roger M. Showley — If you think Disneyland is crowded; it’s crunch time at Spain’s Expo ’92.

June 23, 1992 E-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) The Bronze Sage: Tijuana artist Costano has made sculpture medium for his message; to create statue of Balboa for Balboa Park.

June 23, 1992 A-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

Neil Morgan: One holy of holies rouses San Diegans; park named Balboa: It was my pleasure, thank you, meeting Kathy Puplava in Balboa Park so soon after daybreak and making the rounds with here in the glorious gardens she tends. I’d always wanted a backstage roam there, and the plan to share it recently with readers made it work. But whenever one writes about Balboa Park, there’s spirited mail. This time most of it was gracious, and all was impassioned.

There was no way I could have escaped the cool scrutiny of Richard W. Amero, especially now that he’s retired from his 40 years as a materials analyst with SDG&E. His passion has been the history of Balboa Park, and he’s quick to tell other San Diegans they can’t get facts straight about their premier park.

“Not one scintilla of evidence exists that Irving Gill designed the Administration Building in Balboa Park,” he writes (but) The San Diego Union-Tribune has stated repeatedly that he designed the building.”

He’s right about one thing: In a recent photo caption, this newspaper reaffirmed its conviction that Gill designed that building.

Amero continues:

“Neil Morgan is but the last of a long list of perpetrators of the falsehood that the Botanical Building in Balboa Park was first intended to be a railroad station before it was readapted to its use in the park,” he wrote. “The San Diego Union began this story March 21, 19159, using an anecdote that may have been supplied by park nurseryman Dave Roberts. The identification was never mentioned in stories about the Botanical Building in theUnion before 1959 and has never been left out in stories about the building since 1959.”

There you have it, a resounding verdict of guilty without trial from a good researcher, with a diabolical attribution to a hapless nurseryman.

Intent on dashing this curious legend, Amero had studied architects’ drawings and pored over bids and bills for its construction. He found no reference to a railroad station.

Nor did my phone calls to Ogden, Utah, yield more than puzzled murmurs. But at the San Diego History Center, other archivists, less eager to enter the fray, support the railroad-station theory.

Kathy Puplava isn’t taking sides. As we had strolled through this majestic garden under steel and lath, I grumbled that it might become a more familiar part of San Diego life if it had a catchier name than Botanical Building. She said she didn’t know if the railroad-station legend was true. I checked out our newspaper library, and out leaped those overwhelming confirmations. Fortunately for me, Amero has moved on to other challenges. He is researching the life of Mme. Ernestine Schumann-Heink, the diva whom he calls “The most outstanding woman in the history of San Diego.”

The same mail brought a letter from Carol Greentree, a San Diego garden writer who holds a degree in ornamental horticulture. She enthuses over Spanish and Moorish gardens.

“The elegant Botanical Building has an equally aristocratic cousin in Barcelona,” she writes. “Spain’s lath-house may have been the inspiration for our own: It was built just 27 years earlier, for the 1888 Universal Exposition, which predated Paris’ famous Eiffel Tower expo by only one year. Barcelona called its lath house the Umbracle, and you can still visit its leafy, shadowed sanctuary in Citadel Park between Montjuic Park (1929 expo) and the new Olympic Village (1992 games).”

Greentree thinks our Botanical Building probably is related to a railroad station. She credits the idea to A. D. Robinson, a well-traveled Englishman who settled in San Diego and offered the vision of an oversized lath house for the 1915 exposition: “The Odgen railroad structure was adapted to match a concept Robinson borrowed from southern Europe.”

Lest you scoff at all this concern as purposeless, newspaper librarian Sharon Reeves is placing a cautionary note on clipping and computer references to the origins of the Botanical Building.

Furthermore, we’ll ask someone covering the Olympic Games in Barcelona to stroll through the park and photograph the Umbracle.

It would sure be fun if it turns out to look like a railroad station.

June 24, 1992. (San Diego Union-Tribune) B-2 Fire hits shed by Automotive Museum.

June 27, 1992. (San Diego Union-Tribune) B-3 An out-of-work construction worker arrested in connection with the stabbing death of a man in a fight over money in Rose Garden in Balboa Park last night

June 28, 1992, D-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Roger Showley: Retired admiral devotes five-years to Schumann-Heink book

June 28, 1992, D-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Jeanne Beach Eigner: Starlight uses airplanes to advantage

June 29, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) D-9 T. R. Reinman: City needs green for its greens.

July 7, 1992 (Los Angeles Times) B-1, B-3.

John H. Lee: Squeeze Play; Balboa Park street artists claim regulations are hurting business; Leo J. Porter, a Balboa Park musician for 2-1/2 years says over-regulation has driven some artists away; Bob Hendricks of Chula Vista paints faces at Balboa Park.

Ask the balloon sculptor, the country-Western gospel music singer, the painted man who temporarily tattoos young faces, and the artist with leather brushes whether Balboa Park is drawing the crowds it did in summers past, and they will say no.

They say that more-stringent regulations on park entertainment in recent years have driven away many street artists. And the crowds are leaving with the talent, they say.

Now the artists fear that new regulations the city is considering will hurt them even more. A meeting with city park officials is planned today to discuss a permit fee and more rules for street performing.

Park officials say guidelines are needed because they have received complaints from citizens offended by off-color, racist and insensitive remarks by performers.

The debate over guidelines for street artists has been going on for years, said Jack Krasovich, deputy director of the Parks & Recreation Department.

About 15 years ago, the city began issuing permits to park entertainers on a first-come, first-served basis. Performance areas were drawn up and rules laid down: donations only — no soliciting, no unsavory acts, no disrupting the tranquillity of the park’s 12 museums, half a dozen botanical gardens, the zoo, theaters, pavilions or cafes.

With the exception of minor turf squabbles, the system held up until about two years ago, Krasovich said.

At that time, a plethora of aspiring park performers forced officials to rethink their way of meting our space. Entertainers hoping to get permits began lining up at the park’s administrative offices earlier and earlier, only to be turned away when claims to the 20 available spaces had already been staked.

So first-come, first-served gave way to a lottery system by which the first 20 entertainers randomly pick numbers entitling them to choose which space they want, Krasovich said.

By that point, several artists had already hit the road, said Leo J. Porter, 47, who for the past two and one-half years has set up on the park’s El Prado strip and crooned gospel music with a twang.

Park foot traffic fell accordingly, Porter said.

“It’s been cut in half,” he said of the number of people on the Prado.

But park officials say that, even in the recession, the number of visitors has held steady at about one million each month.

After a $3-a-day performance permit fee was announced this spring by the parks department, Porter said a group of entertainers protested and the fee was shelved.

Many artists have stayed around to see what officials will decide.

Virgil, the saxophone player, Mike, the Tarot card reader, Leonard, who reads palms, Silly Stars, the clown, singer Rambling Rex; Porter ticks off the names of those who have moved on to better gigs or who are considering leaving if the permit fee goes into effect.

“I understand times are hard, and the city’s hurting for money,” Porter said. “But we all need to sit down and see if we can work something out. Maybe we can bring the performers back to the park.”

Whether street talent is universally appreciated is another matter

In October, 1989, leading up to the Soviet Arts Festival titled “Super Powers Sunday,” street performers were at first banned from the park for the day, then in an about-face by event organizers were allowed to perform during the event if they eschewed tips. Entertainment paid for by Sea World and Seaport Village had already been arranged to guarantee the presence of street-type performers.

The feeling shared by the park’s regular street artists was that the city feared embarrassment in front of Soviet visitors and sought “higher-quality” performers.

The permit fee debate and the concerns about the quality of performers comes as a surprise to Chong Dae Chong, 56, who has descended from three generations of Korean leather brush artists. Having spent decades refining his technique, Chong plies his trade for tips, sometimes as low as a $1 for personalized paintings that sell for $15 at Korean tourist spots.

In five minutes, Chong takes any five letters and turns them into a grove of brilliant foliage, a gaggle of exotic birds or a school of fan-tailed tropical fish.

“When business falls down,” said Chong, who set up this week in the fountain plaza facing the Reuben H. Fleet Space Theater and Science Center, “it’s not the time to start charging those of us who provide a service. . . . That would drive even more people away.”

July 9, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) D-2 Mark Zeigler: Globe-trotting U.S. team bashing shuttlecocks here

July 13, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Solar system on El Prado to commemorate National Space Week

July 13, 1992 B-6 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Midnight basketball; League aims to curb inner-city problems

July 19, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Graciela Sevilla: Gay & lesbian festival draws thousands to Balboa Park

July 19, 1992 E-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Neil Kendricks: Timken exhibition makes 18th century works feel at home

July 19, 1992 F-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

Roger Showley: ‘Missing’ arcade returns to Balboa Park walkway; the building and the arches, reused for the 1935-36 California-Pacific International Exposition, were demolished to make way for the more modern-looking Timken, which opened in 1965.

One of the arcades along Balboa Park’s El Prado of nearly 30 years ago is back.

The arched walkway in front of the Timken Museum of Art, similar to those in front of the Spanish-Colonial Revival buildings on the Prado, was part of the Home Economy Building left from the 1915-16 Panama-California Exposition.

The building and the arches, reused for the 1935-36 California-Pacific International Exposition, were demolished to make way for the more modern-looking Timken, which opened in 1965.

The new 206-foot long arcade cost $525,000 to build, more than twice what it cost the state to build the park’s landmark California Tower decades early. The California Quadrangle, which includes the California Tower and Museum of Man, cost $250,000 to build in 1912-14.

Patricia DeMarce, president of the Committee of 100, attributed the cost difference between the new arcade and the California Tower complex to inflation. The project also went $65,000 over budget because of unexpected foundation problems, she added.

The committee, a 25-year old civic group with more than 2,000 members devoted to preserving park architecture, raised the money for the arcade project. The drive began with an anonymous $100,000 donation, DeMarce said.

Construction of the arcade prompted both controversy and a lawsuit from Timken museum directors, who were concerned that the arcade would block the gallery’s south wall. Other criticism came from people worried about security after dark and the arcade’s encroachment on the Prado’s open space.

Now that the arcade is up, however, DeMarce says she has heard from some former critics who now applaud the restoration.

The arcade was designed by the architectural firm of Wheeler, Wimer, Blackman & Associates. Trepte Construction Co. was the general contractor. The arcade will be officially dedicated in early October as part of the committee’s annual birthday celebration of Balboa Park.

The Committee of 100 has another arcade in the works, an estimated $1 million project to replace a missing arcade in front of the San Diego Museum of Art annex and Old Globe Theater. The project is not expected to start for several years.

July 24, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Frank Green: Two Aerospace Hall of Fame executives asked to resign or be fired

July 26, 1992 D-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Roger Showley: C-3’s foot soldiers battle to make city fit to live in

July 26, 1992 H-9 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Men’s and Women’s Olympic volleyball teams practice in Federal Building.

July 31, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

City Planning Commission approves plans for East MesaA $50 million plan to develop the 700-acre Eat Mesa side of Balboa Park won the unanimous approval of the City Planning Commission yesterday with only minor modifications.

The plan now goes to the City Council for review.

The project calls for a complete makeover of a section of the park bordered by Park Boulevard, 28th Street, Upas Street and Russ Boulevard, and will include new bike paths, canyon bridges and play areas.

While not tampering with the overall project, planning commissioners said yesterday that they would like the northeast entrance to the park at Pershing Drive redesigned to make it more inviting. The entrance is a busy five-way intersection where Pershing Drive meets Upas Street.

Park consultants originally suggested closing Pershing Drive near the intersection and funneling traffic onto Pershing Avenue. That proposal was dropped after people who live on Pershing Avenue complained that it would turn their residential street into a major thoroughfare.

August 1, 1992 B-5 (San Diego Union-Tribune) City Planning Commission backs $50 million plan to develop East Mesa side of Balboa Park

August 4, 1992 A-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Neil Morgan: ‘Back home’ are bad words at San Diego History Museum; it was all about quilts

August 4, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Ed Jahn: Revenue rose in ‘91 for animal park, zoo.

August 7, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune). Erik Bratt: Flood shuts down Natural History Museum.

August 8, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Museum of Natural History reopens after flooding

August 11, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Authorities identify fatal stabbing victim

August 12, 1992 C-6 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Festival of Mexican culture

August 13, 1992, E-1 (Los Angeles Times) Dirk Sutro: Architecture — Preservationists not charmed; the city of San Diego plans to demolish the House of Charm in Balboa Park and replace it with a new structure unfaithful to the original.

August 15 – 23, 1992, America’s Finest City Week.

August 16, 1992 E-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Photo museum snaps up exposure

August 18, 1992 B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Pair pose as cops; pull motorcyclist over in Balboa Park

August 21, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Bill Callahan: Fluette testifies he killed to protect a Navy corpsman

August 22, 1992. E-7 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Anne Marie Welsh: Starlight puts on an erratic “Camelot”

August 23, 1992. D-14 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Roger Showley: Guidebooks unwittingly rewrite San Diego history

August 25, 1992, C-1. (San Diego Union-Tribune) Gordon Smith: City Park Ranger Henry Mendibles does everything from leading nature walks to keeping tabs on homeless in Balboa Park; city park patrol a diverse beat.

August 26, 1992, A-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers & Joe Hughes: Police roust 75 from ‘tent city’ in park

August 26, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Bill Callahan: Opposing lawyers dueled over Balboa Park murder case in which 19-year old Todd Fluette could be sent to prison for the rest of his life

August 27, 1992 A-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Police uproot 75 park squatters; ‘Tent City’ is called cry of the homeless

August 27, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Stabbing victim found by passer-by inside War Memorial Building.

August 28, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune)

Terry Rodgers: Councilman Hartley seeks park homeless shelter; the unsanctioned urban campground for the homeless, erected at a Balboa Park parking lot Tuesday, was shut down faster than a flawed Broadway musical.

Date unknown. (GREATER NORTH PARK COMMUNITY PLAN) Recommendations: Normally, Greater North Park, exclusive of Balboa Park, would be considered to be lacking in adequate park and recreation facilities. Based upon its projected population, the community should have at least two community parks of 30 useable acres each and nine neighborhood parks of ten acres each. These figures are based upon standards estimated by theProgress Guide and General Plan of the City of San Diego.

However, the existence and proximity of Balboa Park must be taken into consideration since most of the Greater North Park is within the one and one-half mile radius established by the Progress Guide and General Plan as the standard for community parks. Therefore, due to the proximity of Balboa Park, the community should not be considered to be deficient in community parks and only deficient in neighborhood parks from an acreage standpoint, since most of the community is within one-half mile walking radius of an existing or proposed park. Based upon Progress Guide and General Plan standards, greater North Park currently has a 21 acre deficiency in park acreage. After the completion of the Cedar Ridge mini-park, the community will still be deficient 17-18 acres. In addition, the community’s sole community park (North Park Recreation Center) is 12 acres short of the 20 acre standard for community parks.

September 3, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Night & Day-20 Arthur Salm: Running courses in San Diego

September 3, 1992 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Night & Day-31 Preston Turegano: Artistry of Mexico; cultural festival opens today for month-long run

September 12, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Bill Callahan: Kring is given 25 years to life in park murder

September 14, 1992 C-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Welton Jones: Too much formality mars bard’s ‘The Winter’s Tale’

September 15, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Committee advises Council to let tent city stay in park

September 17, 1992 A-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: City checking to see if Scouts broke law; Councilman Hartley asks if human dignity ordinance violated.

September 17, 1992 D-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Welton Jones: Starlight attendance down.

September 18, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Councilman Hartley condemned Scout’s action & asked officials to explore whether the City could evict the group from city property it leases

September 19, 1992 B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Mark Abner: Tent City urged for lot near Balboa Park

September 19, 1992 B-10 (San Diego Union-Tribune) OPINION: Scout policy on gay leaders; City Council has no business in this issue.

September 20, 1992 F-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Ann Jarmusch: Molding the East Mesa: ambitious design seeks to reclaim park’s other half: The plan preserves, rather than denies, the spare beauty of the remaining shreds of the coastal-desert environment in the East Mesa. It calls for attractive entry features — landscaped ponds, sculptures and a major gateway bridge — to let you know you’re entering a park, which is not the case today. And it manages to balance diverse active and passive park activities, reducing conflicts between the two.

September 21, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Children’s Museum is on the move; venue to be downtown until Balboa Park opening.

September 24, 1992 B-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Neighbors criticize plans for east side.

September 24, 1992 B-12 (San Diego Union-Tribune) OPINION: Balboa Park no place for homeless.

September 25, 1992 E-7 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Robert Pincus: Rare skill demonstrated at Timken exhibition – the Age of Elegance – France in the 18th century.

September 26, 1992 B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Death of tent city plan in site near Balboa Park relieves some, outrages others

September 26, 1992 II-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Balboa plan for East Mesa assailed.

September 27, 1992 D-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Burl Stiff: Hops on board for Kids’ Museum

October 1, 1992 B-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) R. H. Growald: Admiral Howard’s biography of singer hits right note.

October 1, 1992, E-5. (San Diego Union-Tribune) Welton Jones: Arts bracing for city budget hit; but it’s a cold and steady 15 percent cut for the 89 cultural recipients.

October 3, 1992, B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Centre City East activists decry new homeless shelter.

October 4, 1992, F-16 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Karen C. Wilson: Opportunity to buy native plants Saturday at Casa del Prado

October 6, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Council rejects plans for homeless.

October 9, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Lionel Sanchez: Centro Cultural de la Raza to examine impact Columbus had on indigenous people at town meeting on Columbus Day.

October 9, 1992, B-12 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Kidsartz Festival held here for sixth year

October 11,1992, D-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Old Globe benefits from flavors, sounds of Spain at fund-raising gala

October 14,1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Scouts criticized for ouster; action against gay leader prompts call to stop funding

October 14, 1992, B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Driver uses knife to thwart robber near Marston Point.

October 14, 1992, B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Zoo’s sales lead to reprimand, by Jim Okerblom.

A national organization has determined that the San Diego Zoo committed three ethical violations in its handling of a controversy last year when it was revealed that surplus zoo animals had ended up on a Texan hunting ranch.

The findings, by the American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums (AASPA), did not fault the zoo for selling animals to the ranch.

The association determined that the zoo was not aware that they were going to a hunting ranch. It also found that the zoo worked to get the animals back when it learned that they had.

However, the association reprimanded the zoo for erroneous statements officials made after the controversy was made public, zoo officials said.

Karen Allen, a spokesman for the AAZPA, said the group does ot disclose specifics of its findings but leaves that up to the member that is reprimanded. The most serious action by the AAZPA, which represents 160 zoos and aquariums in North America, is a revocation of membership, she said, while a letter of reprimand is the least serious.

In September 1991, to animal-rights groups, San Diego Animal Advocates and Friends of Animals, charged that two surplus Dybowski sika deer has been sent to the Priour Ranch in Ingraham, Texas. The 6,000-acre ranch features hunting of wild animals from turkeys to elk, for fees ranging from $200 to $4,500. Zoo policies forbid selling any animals for hunting.

Zoo spokesman Jeff Jouett said the ethics violations cited by the AAZP stemmed from incorrect statements made by zoo officials in the wake of disclosures about the Priour Ranch.

In one statement shortly after the allegations were made, Jouett said the Zoological Society said a zoo employee had visited the ranch before the animals were shipped there. A later check determined that no zoo employee had visited the ranch, and the society corrected the mistake in a statement.

In another error, Douglas Myers, executive director of the society, stated in Zoonooz magazine that the two deer were “immediately retrieved” from the ranch. In fact, the deer had not yet been returned when the statement appeared.

Myers later apologized, explaining that the owner of the ranch had changed his mind and refused to return the animals. They later were returned.

“With all the respect due the AAZP, we do not believe that these errors support a suggestion of unethical conduct by the Zoological Society or any of its staff,” Jouett said in a prepared statement.

San Diego Animal Advocates said the reprimand, although carrying no sanctions, was significant because “the whole function of the AAZP is to promote and protect its dues-paying members.”

The group charged that surplus animals are routinely sold to dealers with no follow-up as to their final destination. The zoo disputes the charge.

October 15, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Man dies in leap of Cabrillo Bridge

October 16, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Salute to United Nations Sunday in park

October 19, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Plaque proclaiming Balboa Park as a national historical landmark, party for Balboa Park

October 21, 1992, A-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Jim O’Connell: San Diego Police Chief Burgreen drops Scouts on gay issue

October 22, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: Gay officer gets backing; Scouts lose it

October 22, 1992, B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Car-theft suspect shot by officer

October 23, 1992. B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Terry Rodgers: McGrory says Scouts safe for now

October 23, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Crime Watch: Man shot by an undercover police officer during a traffic stop in Balboa Park had recognized officer

October 24, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Jim Michaels: Youths learn to work in CCC-like groups; yesterday several hundred corps members swung pickaxes to rebuild a two-mile trail in Florida Canyon.

October 25, 1992, F-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Ann Jarmusch: Orchid award for Balboa Park planning & implementation

October 25, 1992, F-4 (San Diego Union-Tribune) And the winners (losers) are

October 25, 1992. F-9 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Letters, Richard Amero & Scott Erhlich/Patricia AndersonEast Mesa plan should be rejected as it stands

October 28, 1992 E-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) T. R. Reinman: Rate breaks afforded senior golfers shouldn’t be par for city courses

November 1, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Jim O’Connell: Dollar-hungry parks may add tourist lures: Stung by a budget ax that has already chopped management jobs, state officials want to find space in parks across the state for golf courses, resort hotels and other ventures that could stem the financial bleeding.

November 1, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Rebuilt arcade is site of a party

November 1, 1992, B-8 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Jim O’Connell: Lake Elsinore Park practices produces profits — and some criticism.

November 6, 1992, C-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) T. R. Reinman: Cutbacks reshape local golf course operations

November 8, 1992, E-8 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Major arts groups find ways to deal with deficits

November 9, 1992, CC-1, B-1 and B-3. (LOS ANGELES TIMES – San Diego County Edition). Leah Ollman: Proposed statue of Balboa for Balboa Park may be in limbo.

Plans to install a statue of Spanish explorer Vasco Nunez de Balboa in Balboa Park appear to be foundering — not only because of the long and wearing debate that finally ended with a much-criticized decision to allow the statue, but because of poor communication between the city and the statue’s donor.

November 14, , 1992, . (San Diego Union-Tribune) Bill Callahan: Emotions flare before life sentence is given in murder of man in Balboa Park

November 15, 1992, F-12 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Karen C. Wilson: Balboa Park flowering for the holidays

November 19, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Irene Jackson: Anti-gay views aired at forum on homosexual Scout leader issue.

November 20, 1992, E-7 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Robert Pincus: Work of county’s top artists on view tomorrow at San Diego Museum of Art.

November 22, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Pat Flynn: Gay Scout leader’s ouster hit

November 23, 1992, F-5 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Preston Turegano: Recession blamed for taking wind out of Museum of Art’s “Sail”.

November 24, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Pat Flynn: Council extends drinking ban to many city parks; area bounded by state route 163, Park Boulevard, Upas St. & I-5 in Balboa Park excepted

November 28, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Thomas D. Mangelsen’s photos will be on exhibit at Natural History Museum Nov. 21 to Jan. 17.

December 3, 1992. B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Prado festival starts tomorrow

December 3 B-14 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Yule festival to log 100,000.

December 8, 1992, B-2 (San Diego Union-Tribune) 50,000 at Christmas on the Prado festival.

December 13, 1992, B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Ed Jahn: Stucco wall surface of park gymnasium collapsed, none hurt.

December 15, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Karen Kucher: Gay officer expelled by Boy Scouts files law suit.

December 19, 1992, B-1 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Anne Kruger: Scouting can’t bar child of atheists.

December 24, 1992, B-3 (San Diego Union-Tribune) Karen Kucher: 1,000 plus come in from cold to city’s shelter in Golden Hall.

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