MS 66 Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps Collection

Summary Information

Repository
San Diego History Center Document Collection
Creator
Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps.
Title
Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps Collection
ID
MS 66
Date [inclusive]
1940-1942
Extent
0.25 Linear feet (1 box)
Language
English
Abstract
This collection contains correspondence, newspaper articles, and other records of the Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps, a military-trained civilian organization operating in San Diego during World War II.

Preferred Citation

Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps Collection, MS 66, San Diego History Center Document Archives, San Diego, CA.

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Biographical / Historical Notes

The Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps was founded by Colonel Julia Dowell in May of 1940. Dowell was the commander in chief, and records show that the WATC was gathering volunteers to provide aid in conjunction with other organizations such as the American Red Cross. The organization was trained by professional military, including first aid procedures, swimming instruction, infantry drill, ambulance driving, mechanics, rifle and pistol practice, gas mask use, chemical warfare, and aviation and parachute skills. By September of 1940, there were roughly 250 women enlisted, and by March of 1941 there was a Los Angeles branch. The organization became incorporated in January of 1942. The requirements to join were that the women be 18-45 years of age, US citizens, white, of sound health, and able to devote two nights a week to training.

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Scope and Content

This collection contains correspondence, newspaper articles, and other records of the Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps, a military-trained civilian organization operating in San Diego during World War II. Other documents include receipts, photographs, incorporation papers, and rules and regulations. The majority of the collection is correspondence between Colonel Julia Dowell and various government offices, including a note from the secretary of Eleanor Roosevelt. The collection focuses on the years 1940-1942, when the WATC was founded and soliciting recruits to join the war effort.

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Arrangement

This collection is arranged by material type.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

San Diego History Center Document Collection March 29, 2017

1649 El Prado, Suite 3
San Diego, CA, 92101
619-232-6203

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

The San Diego History Center (SDHC) holds the copyright to any unpublished materials. SDHC Library regulations do apply.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Lindsay Banuelos on November 17, 2007.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Parachute Circus.
  • United States. Federal Works Agency.
  • Women’s Ambulance and Transportation Corps.
  • Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps.

Personal Name(s)

  • Dowell, Julia
  • Izac, Ed V.
  • Johnson, Hiram
  • McLees, J.B.
  • Peck, Paul
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962

Subject(s)

  • Ambulances
  • Emergency transportation
  • Women and the military
  • World War, 1939-1945

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Collection Inventory

Box-folder
Correspondence, 1940 August 15 – 1942 June 241:1
Letter from Hiram Johnson, U.S. Senate, 1940 August 151:1
Letter from J.B. McLees, clerk of San Diego County, 1940 October 171:1
Letter from Samuel C. May, State Council of Defense, 1940 November 191:1
Letter from the secretary of Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the White House, 1941 January 111:1
Letter from Frank Bane, the Advisory Commission to the Council of National Defense, 1941 January 281:1
Letter from Florence Kerr, Federal Works Agency, Work Projects Administration, 1941 January 291:1
Letter from H.B. Lewis, Office of the Commanding General, 1941 February 211:1
Letter from Glenn E. Hays. U.S. Marine Corps, 1941 March 131:1
Confidential letter from George H. Rhodine, U.S. Flag Association, 1941 March 141:1
Letter from Ed. V. Izac, House of Representatives, 1941 April 241:1
Letter to General Donovan, Adjutant General at the State Capitol, from Ed. V. Izac, House of Representatives, 1941 April 241:1
Letter from the executive committee of the Parachute Circus, 1941 November 131:1
Telegraph from Ed. V. Izac, House of Representatives, 1941 May 91:1
Letter from Carl H. Goodrick, Harbor Defense of San Diego, 1941 May 201:1
Letter from H.C. Gearing, U.S. Naval Training, 1941 October 231:1
Letter from Jack S. Massey, Ocean Beach Kiwanis Club, 1941 November 181:1
Letter from Mrs. John Jacob Rogers, House of Representatives, 1941 December 301:1
Letter from Culbert Olson, Governor of California, 1941 December 311:1
Letter from Ed. V. Izac, House of Representatives, 1942 June 241:1
Incorporation Documents and Rules and Regulations, 1941 January 21 – 1942 January 26 and undated1:2
Newspaper Articles, 1940 September 17 – 1941 November 61:3
Miscellanea, 1941 October 19 – 1941 May 28 and undated

Includes:

Souvenir program from first annual Parachute Circus of San Diego; California State Guard enlistment form; and a bill from the House of Representatives establishing Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps for service with the Army of the United States (HR 4906).

1:4

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