Time of the Bells, 1769-1835
1769 Founding of San Diego Mission and beginning of Western civilization on West Coast.
1769 Indian uprising against San Diego Mission.
1770 Founding of Presidio and Mission at Monterey.
1773 Fr. Junipero Serra arrives in Mexico to obtain permission to run missionary activities without interference of presidio.
1773 The Boston “Tea Party”
1774 San Diego military camp raised to Royal Presidio.
1774 San Diego Mission removed from presidio, to present site.
1774 Juan Bautista de Anza leads overland expedition from Mexico to California.
1775 Indian uprising at San Diego Mission. Martyrdom of Fr. Luis Jayme; mission destroyed.
1776 Yuma Indians massacre Spanish settlers along the Colorado River.
1776 Juan Bautista de Anza leads a colonizing expedition to San Francisco.
1776 The Thirteen Colonies declare their independence of Great Britain.
1776 San Diego Mission re-established.
1777 Founding of California’s first pueblo, San José de Guadalupe.
1778 James Cook, an English navigator, discovers the Hawaiian Islands; visits the northern California Coast.
1779 Gov. Felipe de Neve issues Reglamento on governing and colonizing of California.
1781 Founding of the Pueblo de Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles.
1782 Pedro Fages opens new route from Sonora directly to San Diego over Cuyamaca Mountains.
1783 Fr. Junipero Serra visits San Diego Mission for the last time.
1784 Death of Fr. Junipero Serra, at Mission San Carlos. Fr. Francisco Palóu becomes Father President of the California missions.
1784 Granting of first private ranchos in California by Gov. Pedro Fages.
1785 Fr. Fermin de Lasuén becomes Father President of the California missions.
1786 The French navigator, La Pérouse, visits California.
1787 Adoption of the Constitution of the United States of America.
1792 Capt. Robert Gray, an American ship captain, discovers the Columbia River.
1793 George Vancouver arrives on Discovery at San Diego Harbor.
1795 Fort projected on Ballast Point (Point Guijarros).
1796 Fortifications completed at San Diego Presidio.
1796 Arrival of the Otter at Monterey marks the opening of the historic New England-California trade.
1798 Founding of the San Luis Rey Mission.
1799 English sloop-of-war, Mercedes, arrives at San Diego.
1800 First American ship, Betsy, arrives at San Diego.
1803 The Louisiana Purchase.
1803 The Spanish battery on Fort Guijarros fires on American ship, the Lelia Byrd.
1805 The Lewis and Clark Expedition reaches the mouth of the Columbia River.
1806 Zebulon R. Pike’s Expedition to the Rocky Mountains.
1806 Capt. O’Cain on the Eclipse threatens to attack San Diego.
1808 Construction of new San Diego Mission church structure begins.
1810 Mexican War of Independence.
1812 Opening of the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain.
1812 Founding of the Russian colony at Fort Ross, Bodega Bay.
1813 San Diego Mission church completed; aqueduct system under construction.
1813 Soldiers arrested in plot to revolt and seize post at San Diego.
1818 Hippolyte de Bouchard raids the California Coast.
1821 Mexico wins independence from Spain and establishes a short-lived empire under Agustin de Iturbide.
1822 The Sachem begins hide trade between Boston and San Diego.
1822 San Diego officially under Mexican rule.
1823 William P Hartnell arrives in San Diego aboard the John Begg.
1823 Founding of the last of the California missions, San Francisco de Solano, at Sonoma.
1823 First of private ranchos granted in San Diego County.
1824 Colonization Law passed by Mexican Congress.
1825 Gov. José Maria Echeandia establishes rule at San Diego.
1825 Population begins to move downhill from San Diego Presidio to Old Town.
1826 Jedediah S. Smith arrives in San Diego, opening a route from Salt Lake to Southern California.
1826 Death of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams.
1826 San Diego Presidio soldiers skirmish with Indians, killing 28.
1827 French Capt. Duhaut-Cilly visits San Diego.
1827 Deputies meet in San Diego to organize territorial assembly.
1828 American ship, Franklin, forced to flee San Diego under fire.
1828 Trapper James O. Pattie imprisoned in San Diego.
1829 Alfred Robinson arrives at San Diego, on Brookline.
1829 First hide house built in San Diego by carpenters of trading ship, Brookline.
1829 Series of revolutions begin in California.
1829 Capt. Henry D. Fitch elopes with Spanish girl from San Diego.
1832 Fr. Antonio Peyri flees from California via San Diego.
1833 Secularization Act passed by Mexican Congress. Beginning of end of the mission system and opening of the era of the ranchos.
1835 Joaquin Ortega becomes administrator of San Diego Mission; San Diego made a Pueblo.
1835 Richard Henry Dana, Jr., arrives at San Diego aboard the Pilgrim.
Return to Books.
THE TIME OF THE BELLS
Ch. 1 The Ring of Faith
Ch. 2 The Fight to Live
Ch. 3 The Test by Fire
Ch. 4 Death on a River
Ch. 5 Opening the Land
Ch. 6 Fr. Serra’s Death
Ch. 7 George Vancouver
Ch. 8 The Boston Ships
Ch. 9 The Golden Age
Ch. 10 Capt. Duhaut-Cilly
Ch. 11 The Mountain Men
Ch. 12 The Hide Droghers
Ch. 13 Alfred Robinson
Ch. 14 Richard Henry Dana
Ch. 15 The Toll of Time