OP 15362-755

(Documentary Artifact): One b/w photographic print of Juan Leo Cuero (also known as Juan Leo Qualsch) standing outdoors next he porch of a house. An unidentified man stands on the porch. Juan Leo Cuero wears a police badge pinned to his coat. According to notes on the verso of the print, Cuero is a policeman at Volcan and was shot four times at Campo by Marcus Hilmeup in 1927. See also OP 12572; notes on the verso of this print state that Juan Leo Cuero worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs and he shot Julio Guacheño [Guacheno]. Julio received $100.00/month until he died.

Notes on verso of print:
OP 15362-754/ 86:15900-1737/IN REF BOOK/ Juan Leo Cuero/ Volcan/ [Stamped:] ED. H. DAVIS/ Mesa Grande, Calif./ Juan Leo Cuero, Policeman at/ Volcan who was shot four/ times at Campo by Marcus/ Hilmeup in 1927-who/ told E.H. Davis the story of/ the fight

*According to additional information provided by the community on 8/2011: This photograph was taken in front of the Canyon House – on School House Canyon Road.

**According to additional information provided on 12/2011 by Richard Carrico, a member of the E.H. Davis Project Scholar Advisory Committee: Juan Leo Cuero was a Mission Indian Agency policeman who was strongly disliked by members of the Mission Indian Federation and he and Jim Banegas (also an MIA officer) were involved in the infamous Campo Fiesta gunfight in which Francisco Cuero and Marcus Hilmiup were shot to death on July 16, 1927. See Tanis Thorne Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 21, no. 2, 1999 for an excellent discussion of this event.