1. Major nations of California Indians; adaptation to their environment
2. European exploration and settlement
3. Spanish exploration and colonization
4. Spanish mission system
5. Daily lives of people: presidios, missions, ranchos and pueblos
6. Influence of Franciscans on the economy
7. Effects of Mexican War for Independence
8. Mexican rule: land grants, secularization of missions, rancho economy.

Support Materials for this Section

SDHC photo
San Diego Mission, 1890
SDHC photo
San Diego Mission, 1900
SDHC photo
San Diego Mission, 1920
SDHC photo
San Luis Rey Mission, 1889
SDHC photo
Mission Dam, 1911
SDHC photo
Serra palm, 1937
SDHC photo
José Guadalupe Estudillo, 1880

California Indians

Edward Harvey Davis

Edward Harvey Davis (1862-1951) took a deep interest in preserving local Indian culture, which he feared was disappearing from San Diego. He made friends with members of local tribes, learned about their customs, and collected artifacts. He took photographs, made drawings, and kept journals, many of which are part of the San Diego History Center’s collections today. Below you will see a few of the many photographs by Edward Davis.

SDHC photo
San Ygnacio Indian woman, 1911
SDHC photo
Tatahuila Indian dancer, 1907
SDHC photo
Indian mortar holes, 1930
SDHC photo
Campo Indian with olla, 1918
SDHC photo
Apache Indian family, 1900
SDHC photo
Indian men and boy, 1904
SDHC photo
Pala Indian weaving a basket, 1904
SDHC photo
Campo Indian boy, 1910

For more information about the HELP Program, please contact the San Diego History Center’s Education Department at: [email protected]