Standard: 4.4 [thumbnail images for this section]

This table is designed to support teachers in aligning the visual images with the big ideas suggested by the applicable standard. The essential questions and topical questions may guide the discussion of and inquiry around these big ideas.

Big Idea:
· People move to improve their lives or because they are forced.
· Economic factors influence geographic, cultural, and political change.
· The interactions of different people shape the history and culture of regions
Essential Question:
What was the impact of development, technology, and cultural diversity on the daily lives of people?
Topical Questions:
· What were the conflicts and benefits of the diverse cultural exchanges as a result of immigration and migration?
· How did improvements in transportation and communication change people’s lives?
· How did the development of technology and industry change the environment?
· In what ways were these changes positive and/or negative?
· Describe the influence of immigration on social class and structure in California.
· In what ways does California influence change outside its borders?
Framework Connection:
California became home to diverse groups of people, and its culture reflects a mixture of influences from Central America, South America, eastern, southern, and western Asia, and Europe. Students should compare the cultural and economic contributions these diverse populations have brought to California and make the same comparisons today. Students should also learn about the development of present-day California with its commerce, large-scale commercial agriculture, communications industry, aerospace technology, and important trade links.
Analysis Skills:
· Chronological and Spatial Thinking: 1, 2, 3, 5;
· Research, Evidence, and Point of View: 2, 3
· Historical Interpretation: 2, 3