MS 194 San Diego Turners Records

Summary Information

San Diego History Center Document Collection
San Diego Turners.
San Diego Turners Records
MS 194
Date [inclusive]
4.25 Linear feet (6 boxes)
Language of Materials
Collection materials are in English and German.
The collection contains the records of the San Diego Turnevereins or ‘Turners,’ a German athletic organization.

Preferred Citation

San Diego Turners Records, MS 194, San Diego History Center Document Collection, San Diego, CA.

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Biographical / Historical Notes

The San Diego Turner movement began in 1873, when a group of German-Americans formed the first ‘turnverein,’ or gymnastics club. In the 19th century, these fitness clubs were popular across the United States, and provided a place for Americans of German descent to gather to celebrate their heritage and participate in athletic events. The first San Diego Turner club, the ‘Teutonia,’ only lasted 2 years and was disbanded in 1875 for unknown reasons. In 1884, the Turnverein was re-established by J.A. Cohn. The new club, called the ‘Eintracht,’ began with 80 members, but soon grew to 120 participants. The first Turner Hall was built on the corner of 8th and G Streets in downtown San Diego. Shortly after, the San Diego economic boom ended, the Turners fell on hard financial times, resulting in the loss of both their meeting hall and many of their members.

By 1889, a rival Turnverein, the ‘Phoeniz,’ was present in San Diego. In February 1890, the two struggling Turnvereins met and joined their organizations into a singular, united club. The new Concordia Turnverein had close to 200 members. A new Turner Hall was built on 9th and G Streets, close to the location of the original Hall. Construction was completed in February of 1907. The new Concordia Hall contained a gym, facilities for men and women, meeting rooms, a lodge, a bar, and an auditorium. The Concordia Turners flourished until World War I, a period which saw a sharp drop in membership and participation. The Turners recuperated shortly after the end of WWI until the onset of WWII, when the organization saw a repeat of the previous wartime struggles.

In February of 1945, Concordia Hall was destroyed by a large fire. The club saw a period of near dormancy as the members tried to regroup after both the loss of WWII and the loss of their hall. In 1947, the president of the National American Turners, Carl Weidman, visited San Diego and encouraged the Concordia members to persevere. The Concordia Turnverein changed their name to the San Diego Turners and dedicated a new Turner Hall on March 3, 1951. Though popular in the community, the Turners had a hard time competing with public funded athletic clubs like the YMCA and the YWCA. The club relied only on dues to maintain their finances. In March of 1969 the Turners were forced to sell Turner Hall to prevent themselves from failing financially. After the loss of their third Hall, the San Diego Turners attempted to maintain their activities and participation by meeting in the clubhouse of the Oneira Women’s Club, but they were never able to recover. The San Diego Turners were officially disbanded in 1985, just over 100 years after the original San Diego Turner movement began.

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Scope and Content

The collection consists of documents in English and German related to the history, administration, finances, activities, and partnerships of the San Diego Turners between 1897 and 1978. The collection includes both loose leaf documents and bound ledgers. Administrative materials include constitution ledgers, bylaws pamphlets, meeting minutes, and membership ledgers. The San Diego Turners’ financial records are also heavily represented. These materials contain banking correspondence, bills, invoices, and tax documents. Materials related to the construction (and eventual sale) of Turner Hall are also present. A large part of the collection consists of correspondence, which includes topics related to administrative duties and membership, as well as letters to other groups, such as the San Diego Turners’ parent organization, the American Turners. The collection ends 7 years before the group was formally disbanded.

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Items in the collection are arranged by subject.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

San Diego History Center Document Collection April 11, 2012

1649 El Prado, Suite 3
San Diego, CA, 92101

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

The San Diego History Center (SDHC) holds the copyright to any unpublished materials. SDHC Library regulations do apply.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Accession numbers 840628A and 850125A.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Lauren Rasmussen on April 11, 2012.

Collection processed as part of grant project supported by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) with generous funding from The Andrew Mellon Foundation.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • American Turners (Organization).
  • Concordia Turners.
  • Concordia Turnverein Society.
  • German Turnverein Society.
  • German-American Society.
  • Oneira Women’s Club.
  • San Diego Turners.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Concordia Hall (San Diego, Calif.)
  • San Diego (Calif.)
  • Turner Hall (San Diego, Calif.)

Personal Name(s)

  • Cohn, J. A.
  • Fritz, Louis
  • Heibron, F.
  • Weidman, Carl
  • Wiedeman, F.


  • Athletic clubs
  • Athletics
  • Clubs
  • Gymnastics
  • Societies

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Collection Inventory

History (some in German), 1907–1974 1:1
“Verfassung des C.T.V” (“Constitution of the C.T.V. [the Concordia Turnverein]”) (ledger) (German), 1897 June 30 1:2
“Verfassung des Concordia Turnvereins” (“Constitution of the Concordia Turnvereins”) (ledger) (German), 1910 November 2 1:3
Articles of Incorporation, 1910 June 23 1:4
Bylaws and statues, 1934-1972 1:5
“Board of Directors Meeting Minutes” (ledger), 1955 April 25–1969 February 28 1:6
“Board of Directors Meeting Minutes” (ledger), 1957 April 22–1970 June 15 1:7
“Regular Meeting Minutes” (ledger), 1965 August 4–1976 February 9 2:1
Technical Committee, 1941 March 30–1970 October 17


Meeting minutes and correspondence regarding the club’s programming

Dues and membership ledger, 1911-1941 6:1
Dues and membership ledger, 1922 2:3
Dues and membership ledger, 1945-1970 2:4
Shareholder ledger, 1905 March 1–1956 June 20 2:5
Finances: account statements and certificates, 1965 January 22–1974 January 14 and undated 3:1
Finances: cancelled checks, 1950 January 4–1970 April 20 and undated 3:2
Finances: invoices, contracts, receipts, and notes (some in German), 1918 August 1–1970 February 16 and undated 3:3
Finances: taxes, 1946 July 23–1974 April 22 and undated 3:4
Accounts Ledger, 1910-1914 7:1
Financial ledger, 1947–1970 3:5
Disbursement ledger, 1945-1951 3:6
Turner Hall construction, 1905 July 15–1969 February 25 and undated 3:7
Turner Hall liquidation, 1969 April 28–1971 March 11


Correspondence and materials related to the sale of Turner Hall, including notification to shareholders of the Turners’ intent to sell

Concordia Hall activities directory (some in German), 1932 February 14 4:1
“Baren Riege” (“Bear Team”) ledger (German), 1910


List of “Baren Riege” (“Bear Team”) members

Correspondence: administrative (some in German), 1948 October 15–1977 December 9 4:3
Correspondence: membership, 1970 October 18–1976 June 15 and undated 4:4
Correspondence: American Turners, 1970 November 25–1975 October 13 and undated 4:5
Correspondence: German-American Society (some in German), 1972 January 16–1977 February 9 4:6
Correspondence: miscellanea, 1971 March 17–1978 October 20


Correspondence regarding the Turners’ support of the 1976 and 1980 Olympic teams and the trial of the United States v. Angela Davis

American Turners National Council, 1970 October 23–1974 September 29


Meeting minutes of the American Turners’ annual council meetings

American Turners National Convention, 1970 January–1974 August 4


Meeting minutes and reports of the American Turners National Convention, which the San Diego Turners’ attended yearly

American Turners National Championships, 1970–1973 and undated


Rules for both men and women’s compulsory gymnastic routines

American Turners newsletters, 1971 May–1976 June 5:2
Miscellanea (some in German), 1959 August 16-1970 July 10 and undated


Lyrics of German Christmas songs

Trophy catalogs

Commemorative Olympic donation plaque

Minutes of the National Bowling Committee

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