GUIDE TO THE SCHNEIDER-KEMMLER COLLECTION

COLLECTION TITLE:
Schneider-Kemmler Collection.

 

CREATOR(S):
Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler.

DATES OF MATERIAL:
1920-1933.

EXTENT:
3,621 negatives: nitrate; 9 x 12 cm.
1,695 photographic prints: gelatin silver; 11 x 14 in. or smaller.

LOCAL CONTROL NUMBERS:
No local control numbers, except for copy negatives: 94:19136/0-638 and 94:19123/0-18. Original nitrate negatives numbered before acquisition with the initials SK followed by the film pack number, a dash, and the exposure number (1-12). Additionally, the negatives were divided in two groups: A/SK1-183 and B/SK92-281.

REPOSITORY:
San Diego History Center
Booth Historical Photograph Archives
P.O. Box 81825
San Diego, CA 92138
1-619-232-6203

ACQUISITION INFORMATION:
Gift of Graham Nash, 1982 (374-D).

RESTRICTIONS:
Access to nitrate negatives and rare items restricted, except by permission of curator. Some material restricted by copyright.

COPYRIGHT:
For permission to reproduce or publish, contact the curator of the Booth Historical Photograph Archives of the San Diego Historical Society. Reproduction or publication of any part of this collection must include the following information next to the image(s) or in a special section of credits: Schneider-Kemmler Collection, San Diego History Center, Booth Historical Photograph Archives.

GENERAL NOTES:
Arrangement: (1-5) group A/SK1-183 negatives, (6-10) group B/SK92-281 negatives, (11-12) proofs for groups A and B, (13) photographic prints for groups A and B, and (14-15) oval photographs mounted on mirror-backed metal badges. This collection forms part of San Diego History Center Negative Collection. A series of 18 photograph reference books containing 3,554 contact prints are provided for reference use. Also, 658 copy negatives are available, 94:19136/0-638 and 94:19123/0-18. Textual information from the collection does not indicate which photographs were taken by Roland Schneider and which ones were taken by Florence Kemmler. Related materials include the Roland Schneider Autochrome Collection (C107) and the Schneider-Westhaver Family Collection (C108) in the Photograph Archives, and an unprocessed collection of Schneider family papers in the Research Archives. Some photographs in the collection were published in Memories, San Diego 1920-1932: A Nostalgic Look at the People of San Diego through the Photographs of Roland and Florence Schneider selected, with an introduction, by Tom Jacobsen (San Diego, Calif.: Little Desert Graphics, 1976).

BIOGRAPHICAL OR HISTORICAL NOTE:
Ernest Roland Schneider was born in San Diego in 1884. His family moved to Switzerland in 1887. He graduated from the University of Zurich with a doctor of laws degree before returning with his mother to San Diego in 1919 where they owned and operated the Hotel Schneider on 8th Street. Florence B. Kemmler was born in 1900 and her family moved to San Diego in 1920 where she met Roland Schneider. Together they went on to become award winning amateur photographers with exhibits in galleries around the world. In 1934, they married and had a son, Roland Ernest Schneider. That same year Ernest Roland Schneider died and Florence Kemmler Schneider stopped taking photographs. She died in 1972.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE:
These photographs by Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler document people, places, events, and daily life in the San Diego area during the 1920s and early 1930s. People include: men, women, children, teenagers, and aged persons; twins; public figures; audiences, spectators, and crowds; ethnic groups, including Native Americans, African Americans, and Mexicans; people associated with the military, transportation, business, and entertainment; people engaged in work and various recreational activities, including swimming, water skiing, and sailing; also, images of Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler dressed in various costumes, at the beach, playing miniature golf, taking pictures, and posing with family members. Places include: downtown San Diego, San Diego Bay, and the waterfront; beaches, bathhouses, and piers at Coronado, Mission Beach, and Ocean Beach; La Jolla’s beaches, caves, and cliffs; Agua Caliente resort and Tijuana; the back country; national parks and other locations in California and Arizona. Events include: Showley Brothers Candy Factory fire; parades, including the Rose Parade in Pasadena; bathing beauty contests; the 1923 solar eclipse; a “human fly” climbing the U.S. Grant Hotel; the Junipero Serra Museum and Presidio Park dedication; and Charles Lindbergh’s return to San Diego after his historic flight. Other subjects include: boats and ships, including the USS Constitution, the Chinese junk Amoy, U.S. Navy warships, submarines, ocean liners, cargo ships, sailboats, fishing boats, lumber rafts, and ferries; biplanes, dirigibles, and parachutists; motorcycles, automobiles, railroads, and accidents; Hotel del Coronado, Balboa Stadium, San Diego Mission, Santa Fe Station, Horton Plaza, and Hotel Schneider; commercial, industrial, and public facilities; streets and houses; family pets, birds, and animals at the San Diego Zoo; fireworks, horse racing, stunt performers, and the circus; buildings, people, gardens, concerts, and motion picture filming in Balboa Park.

SUBJECTS INDEXED:
Schneider family.
Kemmler family.
Lindbergh, Charles A.
Agua Caliente (Tijuana, Mexico)
Junipero Serra Museum (San Diego, Calif.)
San Diego Zoo.
Aircraft.
Animals.
Automobiles.
Beaches — California — San Diego.
Boats.
Buildings — California — San Diego.
Celebrations.
City & town life — California — San Diego.
Contests.
Clothing & dress.
Dwellings — California — San Diego.
Eclipses.
Entertainment.
Fires — California — San Diego.
Fireworks.
Gardens — California — San Diego.
Missions — California.
Motion pictures.
Parades & processions — California.
Parks.
People.
Recreation.
Ships.
Stunt performers.
Transportation facilities — California — San Diego.
Travel.
Back country (San Diego County, Calif.) — Photographs.
Balboa Park (San Diego, Calif.) — Photographs.
San Diego (Calif.) — Photographs.

CONTENTS LIST:
Box 1
Reference numbers: A/SK1-40.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR001-002.
Contents: 367 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1920-1924.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
1/1-12Portraits of Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler; display in dentist’s office, probably where Florence’s father, a dental technician, worked.
2/1-12California Tower in Balboa Park; pigeons feeding.
3/1-12Views of downtown San Diego, including traffic officer at 5th and Broadway and P.M. Dairy Company horse drawn wagon.
4/1-12Japanese garden [?], location unknown; people dressed as Indians.
5/1-12Cabrillo Bridge, looking toward California Tower; Botanical Building; U.S. Naval Hospital in Balboa Park.
6/1-12Portrait of Roland Schneider; Spreckels’ yacht Venitia, San Diego’s first fireboat Bill Kettner, and U.S. Navy ships.
7/1-12Animals; house being moved; olive press.
8/1-12Sailing and water skiing in San Diego Bay.
9/1-12Views of road construction, workers and paver.
10/1-12Portraits of Florence Kemmler; people on the beach at La Jolla Cove.
11/1-12La Jolla Cove; Sept. 10, 1923, solar eclipse.
12/1-12Sept. 10, 1923, solar eclipse.
13/1-12Sept. 10, 1923, solar eclipse.
14/1-12Sept. 10, 1923, solar eclipse; motion picture filming in Balboa Park.
15/1-12Motion picture filming in Balboa Park; Spreckels’ yacht Venitia, San Diego ferry Morena, and U.S. Navy ships.
16/1-12Hotel del Coronado; people on [Coronado?] beach.
17/1-12Older man [cleaning kelp off the beach?].
18/1-12Dog; California Tower; cowboys at a ranch.
19/1-12U.S. Navy ships in San Diego Bay.
20/1-12U.S. Navy ships in San Diego Bay.
21/1-12Balboa Park buildings; deer, probably at the San Diego Zoo.
22/1-12Balboa Park buildings; portrait of Florence Kemmler; various dwellings.
23/1-12Shoreline views showing ocean waves and cliffs; Balboa Park buildings.
24/1-12Owl; spider web.
25/1-12SCIOTS parade.
26/1-12SCIOTS parade and procession; shoreline views showing people and ocean waves.
27/1-12Shoreline views showing people, ocean waves, and cliffs; firefighters on roof of building.
28/1-12Firefighters, fire engine, fire damage to Showley Brothers Candy Factory on 8th and K streets [next to Hotel Schneider].
29/1-12Fire damage to Showley Brothers Candy Factory on 8th and K streets.
30/1-12Fire fighters, fire engine, fire damage to Showley Brothers Candy Factory on 8th and K streets [next to Hotel Schneider].
31/1-12Kittens; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler in Spanish costume.
32/1-12Elephants on street in front of Union Oil Company gas station; exterior view of San Diego High School; street view showing Old Palm Grocery store; view of Mission Cliffs Garden.
33/1-12Old Mission Olive and Olive Oil Factory.
34/1-12Old Mission Olive and Olive Oil Factory; San Diego Museum and Scientific Library; Air-Marine Transportation Co. boat in San Diego Bay.
35/1-12Sailboats and rowboats; [La Jolla?] shoreline views; truck and lost load of boxes at 8th and Market streets, 1920.
36/1-12Shoreline views, Sunset Cliffs.
37/1-12Shoreline views, Sunset Cliffs.
38/1-12Shoreline views, Sunset Cliffs.
39/1-12Shoreline views, Sunset Cliffs.
40/1-12Shoreline views, Sunset Cliffs.

Box 2
Reference numbers: A/SK41-79.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR003-004.
Contents: 403 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1923-1926?
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
41/1-12[La Jolla?] shoreline views.
42/1-12People in bathing suits on a pier and the beach; children playing on the beach and in the water, Ocean Beach.
43/1-12Women and children in bathing suits playing on the beach and in the water, Ocean Beach.
44/1-12People in bathing suits on the beach; children playing on the beach and in the water; donkeys on the beach, Ocean Beach.
45/1-12People riding donkeys on the beach, Silver Spray Plunge [bathhouse] in the background; women and children in bathing suits, Ocean Beach.
46/1-12Covered wagon, donkeys, people on the beach, Ocean Beach.
47/1-12Ocean Beach scenes, including Silver Spray Plunge; motorboat.
48/1-12Lily pond in front of Botanical Building; waterskiing.
49/1-12Daredevil performance in San Diego Bay.
50/1-12[Coronado?] beach scenes.
51/1-12Sailboat; Hotel del Coronado; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler in bathing suits.
52/1-12Lily pond and Botanical Building, gardener; Crescent and Estrella ferries; docked passenger ship Yale; Balboa Stadium.
53/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler posing in bathing suits.
54/1-12Views U.S. Navy dirigible Shenandoah moored at North Island [the first rigid airship built in the U.S., it was christened Oct. 19, 1923].
55/1-12Views U.S. Navy dirigible Shenandoah moored at North Island.
56/1-12Views U.S. Navy dirigible Shenandoah moored at North Island.
57/1-12Views U.S. Navy dirigible Shenandoah moored at North Island, including Roland Schneider’s mother Lizette Schneider with Florence Kemmler’s mother Frieda Kemmler.
58/1-12Views U.S. Navy dirigible Shenandoah moored at North Island, including Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler.
59/1-12U.S. Navy ships; Florence Kemmler with parasol standing next to wooden water well in bamboo grove; gardener.
60/1-12San Diego and Coronado Ferry Company terminal; [Japanese?] garden.
61/1-12Portraits of Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler.
62/1-12Views of Alcazar Garden, lily pond, and buildings in Balboa Park; two houses, one on Hunter Street.
63/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler dressed in Chinese costumes.
64/1-12Roland Schneider, Florence Kemmler, and her mother Frieda dressed in Chinese costumes.
65/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler dressed in Russian costumes; El Campo Serrano grave.
66/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler posing with beer bottle and cigarette.
67/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler posing with beer bottle and cigarette.
68/1-12Mission Beach flood damage.
69/1-12Mission Beach flood damage; large Spanish-style house; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler.
70/1-12Bird’s-eye view of shoreline at La Jolla; houses on a hill; church altar; donkey; Florence Kemmler at Delmonte Cliffs.
71/1-12Monkey [at San Diego Zoo?]; docked sailing ship.
72/1-12Women in bathing suits standing on top of [Mission Beach?] bathhouse; Mission Beach Ballroom orchestra and dancers; Roland Schneider posing next to canon.
73/1-12Beach scenes, including men riding horses, [Mission Beach?]; Roland Schneider’s mother Lizette in front of candy store next to Hotel Schneider.
74/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler posing next to canon; views of twins, including barbers Jim and John Owens, and model sailboats at Mission Beach.
75/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler dressed in [Dutch?] costumes.
76/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler dressed in [Dutch?] costumes.
77/1-12Model sailboat competition at Mission Beach.
78/1-12Portraits of Roland Schneider with Florence Kemmler, and her parents Otto and Frieda Kemmler.
79/1-12Man selling balloons and Swiss bird call, people in bathing suits at Mission Beach bathhouse; Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider in front of Mission Beach Ballroom.

Box 3
Reference numbers: A/SK80-120.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR005-006.
Contents: 410 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1926-1928.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
80/1-12Bathing suit or beauty contest [at Mission Beach Ballroom?]; people in various locations; bears at the San Diego Zoo.
81/1-12Bears and camels at the San Diego Zoo; fire damaged Civic Auditorium.
82/1-12Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler in bathing suits; bears at the San Diego Zoo.
83/1-12Images of a contest for children at Mission Beach with children dressed in various costumes and displays.
84/1-12Images of a contest for children at Mission Beach; two women in bathing suits with sashes reading “Miss Ford promoting San Diego’s newest Ford dealer Walter M. Case.”
85/1-12Views of people at Mission Beach, including Florence Kemmler’s father Otto Kemmler and men riding motorcycles.
86/1-12San Diego Navy Motorcycle Club members sitting on their motorcycles at Mission Beach; racing automobiles on the beach; city street scenes [evidently not San Diego].
87/1-12Pagoda; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler dressed in clown costumes; sailing ship.
88/1-12Roland Schneider’s mother Lizette Schneider with a friend in front of Hotel Schneider; [Japanese?] garden and gardener; Mission Beach scenes, including Boy Scouts.
89/1-12Competition involving people in rowboats; model sailboats.
90/1-12Spreckels Organ Pavilion; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler in [Japanese?] garden.
91/1-12Model sailboat competition at Mission Beach; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler with friends; ostrich farm at Park Boulevard and Adams Avenue.
92/1-12Ostrich farm; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler in bathing suits.
93/1-12Hotel del Coronado boathouse; daredevil stunt at beach; two men near Harris Seed Company on 6th; film crew and people in bathing suits on rocks at [La Jolla?] beach.
94/1-12Film crew and people in bathing suits on rocks at beach [La Jolla?]; portraits of twins.
95/1-12Views of a motion picture being filmed involving a horse drawn carriage with wires from a crane attached to lift the horse.
96/1-12Fine Arts Gallery in Balboa Park; Kemmler family, including Otto, his son and daughter-in-law Harold and Ethel, daughter Florence, and wife Frieda.
97/1-12Close-up views of flowers.
98/1-12Portraits of Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider.
99/1-12Close-up views of passion fruit and flowers; portrait of a child.
100/1-12Close-up views of bird-of-paradise flower; still life of jars of passion fruit preserves.
101/1-4Close-up view of butterfly.
101/5-12Facade of Fine Arts Gallery in Balboa Park; still lifes of flowers.
102/1-12Automobile advertising Planters Salted Peanuts; Fine Arts Gallery and California Tower.
103/1-12Passion fruit vine; telephone linemen working on top of electrical pole.
104/1-12Spanish-style house; abandoned shack.
105/1-12Close-up views of flowers; fishing boat in dry dock.
106/1-12Passion fruit vines and still life close-up of passion fruit; German shepard dog.
107/1-12Close-up views of passion fruit and flowers, butterfly, spider web, and potatoes.
108/1-12Views of docked Star of India sailing ship.
109/1-12Ships unloading lumber in San Diego harbor; flowers.
110/1-12Concert at Spreckels Organ Pavilion; construction of San Diego Gas and Electric Company facility at Broadway and Kettner.
111/1-12Still lifes and close-ups of passion fruit and flowers.
112/1-12Fishing boats, fisherman, unloading fish in San Diego harbor.
113/1-12San Diego Gas and Electric Company facility; unidentified older man; cargo ship, unloading automobile.
114/1-12San Diego harbor views, including longshoremen, cargo ships, lumber piled on the dock.
115/1-12Motorboat racing in Mission Bay; man being tossed in air with blanket at Mission Beach; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler posing with two women.
116/1-12Girl’s face framed by passion fruit vines; close-ups of passion fruit; still lifes of model ship and figurine.
117/1-12Views of passion fruit vineyard.
118/1-12Greyhound dogs.
119/1-12Passion fruit and flowers.
120/1-12Passion fruit and flowers.

Box 4
Reference numbers: A/SK121-155.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR007-008.
Contents: 432 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1929?-1933.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
121/1-12Docked ship Honneur; alligators.
122/1-12Alligators; ostrich farm; [Los Angeles?] city views.
123/1-12Unidentified city park, [Los Angeles?]; Paramount theater; views of a marble statue and columns.
124/1-12Ducks, swans, and other birds in a lake; bird’s-eye view of Marian Davies’ residence in Santa Monica; airplane.
125/1-12Tanner Motor Tours bus and airplane; Florence Kemmler; [Scripps’ residence?].
126/1-12Entrance to Agua Caliente resort and hotel in Tijuana, Mexico.
127/1-12Views of Agua Caliente resort.
128/1-12Man with parrots at Agua Caliente resort.
129/1-12Longshoremen on dock, cargo ship in background; locomotive; stern of Japanese ship Bordeaux Maru Kobe.
130/1-12Views of dock and harbor, including Southern Terminals Company heavy equipment moving lumber and boat Rosalia-Madre.
131/1-12Pier, children playing on the beach, and shoreline views showing ocean waves and rocks.
132/1-12Images of a group of barefoot boys [including African-Americans and Mexicans]; accident involving La Jolla-Mission Beach trolley and automobile.
133/1-12Accident involving La Jolla-Mission Beach trolley and automobile, including view of older woman being helped into ambulance; Normal School; Florence Kemmler and children playing miniature golf.
134/1-12Florence Kemmler, children, and others playing miniature golf; Roland Schneider in front of New Ocean Beach Dancing Pavilion and Bath House.
135/1-12Interior views of Fine Arts Gallery; views of San Diego harbor and Broadway Pier.
136/1-12Artistic photographs of sand and water; desert views, some including two men.
137/1-12Desert views, some including people in a white automobile.
138/1-12Desert views; animals at San Diego Zoo; motion picture crew, filming in front of Fine Arts Gallery in Balboa Park.
139/1-12Actor Douglas Fairbanks; exterior views of Spanish-style garden and building [in Balboa Park?].
140/1-8Artistic photographs of stairs; two male acrobats performing at Agua Caliente resort.
140/9-12People diving from a springboard into a swimming pool.
141/1-12Sutherland tour buses [to Tijuana]; views of Coronado ferry Estrella, including collapsed gangplank.
142/1-12Puppies; portraits of Roland Schneider [dressed in costume?]; San Diego Mission.
143/1-12Views of San Diego Mission.
144/1-12San Juan Capistrano Mission.
145/1-12San Juan Capistrano Mission.
146/1-12Bears at San Diego Zoo; docked ship Monterey.
147/1-12Views of nature; windmill; man with camera.
148/1-12Castle H Ranch near Ramona, California; caged raccoons; man with gyroscopes.
149/1-12Views of the Tournament of Roses parade in Pasadena.
150/1-12Views of the Tournament of Roses parade in Pasadena.
151/1-12Group portraits of Otto and Frieda Kemmler with Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider; pier, fishing boats, and fishermen.
152/1-12[Oil?] storage tanks; views of USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”).
153/1-12Views of USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”).
154/1-12Views of USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”).
155/1-12Views of USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”).

Box 5
Reference numbers: A/SK156-183.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR008-009.
Contents: 220 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1929?-1933.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
156/1-12Views of USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”); views of mill.
157/1-12Humorous pictures of dummy on bicycle; photographs from a trip to Imperial Valley, California, with the Putnams, including interior and exterior views of hotel [inn?].
158/1-12Photographs from a trip to Riverside, California, with the Putnams, including views of Mission Inn.
159/1-12Photographs from a trip to Riverside, California, with the Putnams, including views of Mission Inn.
160/1-12Interior and exterior views of house, garden.
161/1-12View of courtyard.
162/1-12Aerialists.
163/1-12Views of Death Valley Inn and the original 20 mule team wagon used for hauling borax out of Death Valley.
164/1-12Unidentified building; two boys [African Americans]; views of early construction of Hoover Dam.
165/1-12Exterior views of various [historic?] buildings [locations unknown].
166/1-12Views of Zion National Park and Bryce Canyon National Park.
167/1-12Views of Zion National Park and Bryce Canyon National Park.
168/1-12Views of Zion National Park and Bryce Canyon National Park.
169/1-12Views of Bryce Canyon National Park.
170/1-12Views of Bryce Canyon National Park.
171/1-12Views of Grand Canyon National Park.
172/1-12Views of Grand Canyon National Park.
173/1-12Views of bridge across Colorado River, desert, wagon and mules, and Grand Canyon.
174/1-12Views of Grand Canyon National Park.
175/1-12Views of Grand Canyon National Park.
176/1-12Views of [historic?] buildings and a statue of a cowboy on horseback [near Grand Canyon?].
177/1-12Group portraits of Kemmler family members, including Otto and Frieda Kemmler, Florence Kemmler, her brother Harold and his wife Ethel, and others [at Harbison Canyon?].
178/1-12Close-up views of cactus plants; [prospector?], donkeys, wagon, and dog.
179/1-12Unidentified buildings; Ocean-to-Ocean Bridge across Colorado River at Yuma, Arizona.
180/1-12Casa Grande ruins in Arizona; cacti; Yuma Territorial Prison.
181/1-12Florence Kemmler; Plaza Mexican Methodist Episcopal Church; [Diam?]ond Shirt Company; plaza and Spanish-style buildings.
182/1-12Two Mexican boys; exterior view of house; views of land in Borrego Valley.
183/1-12Roland Schneider’s mother Lizette Schneider, [1929?]; desert views; Yuma Territorial Prison.

Box 6
Reference numbers: B/SK92-140.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR010-011.
Contents: 423 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1920-1930.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
92/1-12Images of a house being moved.
93/1-12View of early Tijuana horse racetrack located 500 yards south of U.S.-Mexico border near San Ysidro, 1920.
94/1-12[No prints or negatives].
95/1-12Filming of silent motion picture The Dictator in Balboa Park, 1922.
96/1-12Filming of silent motion picture The Dictator in Balboa Park, 1922.
97/1-12Filming of silent motion picture The Dictator in Balboa Park, 1922.
98/1-12Filming of silent motion picture The Dictator in Balboa Park, 1922.
99/1-12[No prints or negatives].
100/1-12[No prints or negatives].
101/1-12View of dirt road [National Avenue?] and body of water.
102/1-12Florence Kemmler playing with kitten.
103/1-12Views of unidentified building in Balboa Park.
104/1-12Views of unidentified adobe building and archways in Balboa Park.
105/1-12California Tower and Cabrillo Bridge through archway; biplanes and parachutists on the ground and in the air.
106/1-12Coronado Polo Grounds; view of El Prado, archway entrance to Balboa Park at end of Cabrillo Bridge; circus elephants.
107/1-12Circus parade through downtown San Diego at Fifth and C streets in front of Marston’s.
108/1-12Views of Coronado beaches, Hotel del Coronado; unidentified adobe building.
109/1-12Views of adobe building [possibly New Mexico Building in Balboa Park].
110/1-12U.S. Naval Hospital and U.S. Navy band performing in Balboa Park; Hotel del Coronado; San Diego High School, looking east from 9th and Ash streets; U.S. Navy ship in San Diego Bay.
111/1-12Thoroughbred racing at Del Mar Racetrack.
112/1-12Views of Balboa Park, including Japanese garden and Florence Kemmler.
113/1-12California Tower, Spreckels Organ Pavilion, and other buildings in Balboa Park; Hotel Schneider.
114/1-12U.S. Navy ship in San Diego Bay; house being moved; Balboa Park; human fly climbing U.S. Grant Hotel, 1922.
115/1-12Human fly climbing U.S.Grant Hotel, 1922.
116/1-12Views of parade and floats related to milk [dairy industry?]; military procession along El Prado, soldiers marching through archway entrance to Balboa Park at end of Cabrillo Bridge.
117/1-12Military procession along El Prado and ceremony in Spreckels Organ Pavilion [in remembrance of USS Bennington disaster].
118/1-12California Tower and lily pond in Balboa Park; automobiles [in parade?] in front of Hotel Polhemus and Hotel Schneider.
119/1-12Automobiles [in parade?] in front of Hotel Schneider; Balboa Park; Strand Theatre.
120/1-12Outdoor theatrical production; views of boardwalk, including women [in bathing suits?] with signs advertising various San Diego businesses.
121/1-12Women in bathing suits; Balboa Park.
122/1-12Buildings in Balboa Park; boats in San Diego Bay.
123/1-12Coronado beach scenes showing boardwalk, people, dance hall in background, and water skiing; buildings in Balboa Park.
124/1-12Boardwalk, dance hall, people, swimming pool, and practice diving at Coronado; pathways through Balboa Park.
125/1-12Arcade in Balboa Park; group portrait of children and San Diego Hotel Association members standing in [San Diego Zoo?] cage and other related images.
126/1-12Water skiing in San Diego Bay; Coronado swimming pool and bathhouse.
127/1-12Ocean Beach scenes showing cowboys and horses, New Ocean Beach Dancing Pavilion and Bathhouse, and children playing on the beach.
128/1-12Children playing on the beach; views of path through wooded area.
129/1-12Views of log cabin in wooded area; arcade and California Tower in Balboa Park.
130/1-12Views of wooded area; water skiing and people on the boardwalk.
131/1-12Views of log rafts floating in San Diego Bay.
132/1-12Lumber; Utah Building and flower beds around Spreckels Organ Pavilion in Balboa Park; Hotel del Coronado [looking down Orange Avenue?].
133/1-12Trolley tracks; Balboa Park lily pond; diving and boys in bathing suits at Coronado, 1922.
134/1-12Beach scenes; views of Market Street downtown showing the Oxford Hotel, Sam McPherson Harley-Davidson Motorcycles, and other businesses.
135/1-12Circus parade; [La Jolla?] beach scenes.
136/1-12Horse racing; view of a house on a hill and surrounding countryside.
137/1-12Picnic, including Roland Schneider’s mother Lizette and others.
138/1-12Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider on Spruce Street suspension bridge.
139A/1-12Motion picture filming in Balboa Park.
139B/1-12Motion picture filming in Balboa Park.
140/1-12Motion picture filming in Balboa Park.

Box 7
Reference numbers: B/SK141-180.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR012-013.
Contents: 359 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1922-1931.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
141/1-12Motion picture filming in Balboa Park.
142/1-12Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider [looking into a well?]; goats in backyard.
143/1-12Competition involving sailors and large ball at Balboa Stadium, 1922; concert at Spreckels Organ Pavilion; California Tower, looking out from arcade; fireworks [over San Diego Bay?]; man in boat with dogs.
144/1-12Fishing boats near La Jolla Cove; Florence Kemmler, man on top of ladder leaning against a palm tree; close-ups of water lilies.
145/1-12Polo match [at Coronado Polo Grounds?]; women and some girls in bathing suits at Ocean Beach [beauty contest?].
146/1-12Women and some girls in bathing suits at Ocean Beach [beauty contest?]; members of Al Bahr Masonic organization with camels at San Diego Zoo.
147/1-12Large crowd at Spreckels Organ Pavilion [for Warren G. Harding memorial service in 1923?].
148/1-12Views of Chinese junk Amoy that circumnavigated the globe under Captain George Waard of Vancouver in 1923; billboard reading, “Take Cars by Numbers to Following Hotels.”
149/1-12Portraits of Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider posing with their large format Graflex reflex camera on tripod; U.S. Navy Training Center.
150/1-12Drill formations at U.S. Navy Training Center; procession or parade in front of Russ [i.e. San Diego] High School, [1923?].
151/1-12Procession or parade in front of Russ [i.e. San Diego] High School, [1923?].
152/1-12Roland Schneider aboard ship [with captain?]; Hamburg-American passenger ship Osiris docked at San Diego harbor; marching band, procession in Balboa Stadium.
153/1-12Marching bands in Balboa Stadium; Showley Brothers Candy Factory fire, 1924.
154/1-12Showley Brothers Candy Factory fire, 1924.
155/1-12People in front of railroad cars; concert at Spreckels Organ Pavilion; double [exposure] images of Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider on a park bench.
156/1-12Florence Kemmler in [Japanese?] garden; La Jolla beach scenes.
157/1-12Women and some girls in bathing suits at Ocean Beach [beauty contest?], most holding signs for business sponsors [e.g. The Old Mission Girl and Izer-Davis Candy Company], [ca. 1930].
158/1-12Man [comedian?] with magnifying glass looking at women in bathing suits at Ocean Beach, [ca. 1930].
159/1-12La Jolla beach scenes; lily pond and Florence Kemmler in Balboa Park.
160/1-12Florence Kemmler and Roland Schneider by water fountain in Balboa Park; bears in San Diego Zoo.
161/1-12Bears in San Diego Zoo.
162/1-12Daredevil performance in San Diego Bay; man cleaning lily pond in Balboa Park, 1931; fireworks.
163/1-12Views of La Jolla caves; lily pond in Balboa Park.
164/1-12Fireworks; cacti.
165/1-12Sailboats on the ocean.
166/1-12Sailboats on the ocean.
167/1-12Sailboats on the ocean.
168/1-12Sailboats on the ocean.
169/1-12Sailboats on the ocean.
170/1-12Sailboats on the ocean; swimming pool at Coronado’s Tent City.
171/1-12Fireworks [at Balboa Stadium?]; sailboats; men in bathing suits swimming, diving, standing on platform.
172/1-12Aerialists; Alcazar Gardens.
173/1-12Sailboats; aerialists.
174/1-12Florence Kemmler in Alcazar Gardens and elsewhere in Balboa Park; burro on the beach; houses on a hill.
175/1-12Navy Day on October 27, 1925, Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler aboard USS McDermot docked at B Street Pier.
176/1-12Residential house; military parade on Park Boulevard; Santa Claus arriving by airplane at Mission Beach.
177/1-12Damage from 1925 Civic Auditorium [Southern Counties Building] fire; African-American baptismal ceremony, San Diego Bay tidal flats.
178/1-12African-American baptismal ceremony, San Diego Bay tidal flats; beach houses damaged by storm.
179/1-12[No prints or negatives].
180/1-12Swans, lions, and bears in San Diego Zoo.

Box 8
Reference numbers: B/SK181-20.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR014-015.
Contents: 348 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: 1923-1930?
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
181/1-12Fireworks; carousel.
182/1-12Bears at San Diego Zoo and koala bear with handler; fireworks.
183/1-12U.S. Navy ships, including USS Crane and aircraft carrier USS Langley, and Japanese sailing ship Shintoku Maru in San Diego Bay, [1924?].
184/1-12U.S. Navy carrier USS Langley; downtown procession promoting Zoological Society and San Diego Zoo; fireworks.
185/1-12Alligators at San Diego Zoo; circus parade, India and C streets; group of unidentified people dressed in formal attire.
186/1-12Portrait of two San Diego Sun newsboys; bears at San Diego Zoo; exterior views of Spanish-style houses.
187/1-12Group portrait of women [ushers?] in front of [theater?] building; view of Catholic church altar; La Jolla beach scenes with people in bathing suits.
188/1-12Spanish-style buildings; La Jolla cliffs; lily pond in Balboa Park.
189/1-12People [film crew?] at beach [Ocean Beach?].
190/1-12[Ocean Beach?] bathing beauty contest, including humorous image of a man dressed as “Mrs. Tiajuana,” [1930?].
191/1-12Fireworks; polo match.
192/1-12Crowd at Balboa Stadium and Charles Lindbergh [after his flight in 1927] with San Diego Mayor Harry Clark in back seat of automobile; automobiles stopped near leaning electric pole.
193/1-12Views of Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St. Louis in flight, returning to San Diego, September 1927, and Charles Lindbergh at Balboa Stadium; Spanish-style house.
194/1-12Destroyer USS McCawley [struck from Navy list in 1930]; fraternal organization [?] parade on Broadway and marching in Plaza de Panama, Balboa Park.
195/1-12Fraternal organization [?] marching in Balboa Park.
196/1-12Display on flatbed truck advertising Dolores del Rio in 1928 film Ramona; bathing beauty contest; views of parade on Broadway, including Army and Navy Academy cadets.
197/1-12Boy Scouts and San Diego Mayor Harry Clark at Indian Village in Balboa Park, [1927?].
198/1-12Rowboats [in San Diego Bay?]; [a human chess match on the beach, men v. women?].
199/1-12Women [dressed in bathing suits or athletic shorts and shirt] on boardwalk and beach; views of construction site; sailing ship and USS Gannet.
200/1-12Views of docked U.S. Navy submarine and crew; men and women modeling Gantner bathing suits on stage at Mission Beach.
201/1-12Modeling bathing suits and fireworks at Mission Beach, [ca. 1928]; fishing boats and crew.
202/1-12San Diego harbor; unloading fish; passenger ship.
203/1-12Men sitting in circle on the beach [Indian ceremony?]; S-Class submarines, including S-28, S-27, S-24, and S-25, which later became the Polish Jastrzab.
204/1-12Biplanes flying in formation; fishermen carrying net; S-Class submarines.
205/1-12Biplanes flying in formation.
206/1-12Parade with members of fraternal organizations in Balboa Stadium and downtown San Diego; Shell treasure hunt at Mission Beach.
207/1-12Unidentified ship.
208/1-12Fishing boats; views of fire escape on side of building, clouds in sky, and shoreline.
209/1-12Docked fishing boats [with lobster traps on deck?]; horse drawn ice cream cart; alley, Santa Fe Station, [1930?].
210/1-12Views of fishermen and tuna on wharf; high wire walker with sign [between buildings, downtown San Diego]; newspaper vendor, Santa Fe Station, [1930?].
211/1-12Views of docked sailing ship and harbor.
212/1-12Men reading newspapers, sitting on bench, Santa Fe Station, [1930?]; dock workers, barrels; passenger ship Virginia.
213/1-12People standing on wharf looking at passenger ship Virginia, other harbor views.
214/1-12Warehouse, workers; docked boat, pier.
215/1-12Boat docking; street maintenance, workers, railroad tracks.
216/1-12Men playing legal slot machine in front of Harbor Café; older man in rocking chair by window, reading newspaper; man mending fishing net; man shoeing a horse.
217/1-12Men shoeing horses; views of circus elephants, tents, workers.
218/1-12San Diego harbor views of Glory of the Seas boat and crew, docked cargo ship, U.S. Navy ship and crew.
219/1-12U.S. Navy hospital ship USS Relief (VI), [1923]; workers loading bales on to dolly.
220/1-12Views of unidentified passenger ship; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler photographs on exhibit in a gallery.

Box 9
Reference numbers: B/SK221-260.
Corresponding reference books: SKPR016-017.
Contents: 401 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: ca. 1925-ca. 1930.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
221/1-12British submarine flotilla V1, V2, V3, and V4 in San Diego Bay; Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler posing in front of their photographs on exhibit in Fine Arts Gallery.
222/1-12Men painting ship; portrait of Roland Schneider with his camera case standing on a residential street.
223/1-12African-American children; small boats stacked up next to pier; Mission Beach Plunge; children playing on the beach.
224/1-12African-American children; sailors unloading automobile from ship; views of older man with long white beard standing on wharf.
225/1-12Older man with long white beard standing in front of warehouse door; men unloading blocks of ice on to wharf.
226/1-12Views of [Florence Kemmler’s?] dog.
227/1-12Men [pilots?] standing around single-wing airplane, including images of an unidentified man posing in front of the airplane.
228/1-12Views of Mission Beach, including sand sculpture and blanket toss, [1929?]; Junipero Serra Museum and Presidio Park dedication, July 1929.
229/1-12Views of Junipero Serra Museum and Presidio Park dedication, July 1929; and church.
230/1-12Views of Junipero Serra Museum and Presidio Park dedication, July 1929.
231/1-12Radio operator; Junipero Serra Museum; children playing in the ocean; view of [German Navy?] warship and sailor posing next to deck gun; [Marston Hills?] foot bridge.
232/1-12Road construction; Florence Kemmler and her family, including her parents Otto and Frieda Kemmler and her brother Harold and his wife Ethel [at Santa Fe Station?].
233/1-12Bathtub on wheels [at Ocean Beach?], with inscription on side, “Around the World in 999,999 Days”; views of [German Navy?] warship, its crew, and officers.
234/1-12Views of [German Navy?] warship and crew; group portraits of Florence Kemmler and her family.
235/1-12Group portraits of Roland Schneider, Florence Kemmler, and members of her family.
236/1-12Harbor scenes showing dock workers, boat Gryme, sailors, and ship Bordeaux Maru Kobe; close-up of railroad engineer in Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad locomotive.
237A/1-6 and 237B/1-6View from top of wooden steps leading to shoreline; sand removal [?]; and sailors with [anchor?] chains.
238/1-12Views of sailors aboard ship working on mast, boom, and rigging; docked submarines and crew.
239/1-12Docked [British XI Class?] submarines.
240/1-12Harbor scenes showing cargo ship Tillamook, heavy crane, [Bristish?] submarines.
241/1-12Waterfront scenes, including dock workers and cargo ships Peter Helms and Jefferson Myers.
242/1-12Stagecoach, with Dorman’s and San Diego Sun building in background; scenes of Agua Caliente resort in Tijuana, including Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler.
243/1-12Agua Caliente, including hotel, swimming pool, and racetrack; Roland Schneider standing in front of door to Hotel Schneider.
244/1-12Ocean Beach, including pier, children playing, and rowboat with Silver Spray Plunge in background.
245/1-12Views showing foot bridge, trees, and dirt road [in Marston Hills?]; Cabrillo Bridge.
246/1-12Views showing foot bridge, trees, and dirt road [in Marston Hills?]; sailing ship.
247/1-12Views of docked [Japanese?] sailing ship and passengers; elephant ride in Balboa Park; Roland Schneider in bathing suit; cabin named “The Echo” and young man sitting on a rock.
248/1-12Cabin named “The Echo” and other rural [back country?] scenes, including a dog, Florence Kemmler, and men playing horseshoes.
249/1-12Florence Kemmler with dog; Kemmler family; Serra Museum.
250/1-12Vineyard and grape press; men painting smokestack on [SS Harvard?] passenger ship; docked sailing ship [Star of India?].
251/1-12Elephant ride at Balboa Park; California Tower; alligator at San Diego Zoo; Serra Museum at night.
252/1-12Serra Museum at night; Roland Schneider, Florence Kemmler, and members of her family playing miniature golf.
253/1-12Group portrait of unidentified men and women posing outside in front of a Spanish-style building; children playing on the beach; Roland Schneider and older man in bathing suits.
254/1-12Boys launching small sailboat; views of pier construction, Globe Mills in background; docked passenger ship SS Yale.
255/1-12Views of ocean and shoreline, Florence Kemmler at base of steps leading to beach.
256/1-12Horton Plaza at night showing replica of church tower; views of ocean surf and docked passenger ship.
257/1-12Horton Plaza at Christmas showing replica of church tower; birds perched on telephone wires; sculpture, interior of Fine Arts Gallery.
258/1-12La Jolla shoreline, cliffs, caves; U.S. Navy barge; pier construction.
259/1-12Pier construction; La Jolla shoreline.
260/1-12Views of ocean; two men in boat painting bow of ship.

Box 10
Reference numbers: B/SK261-281 and miscellaneous images with no numbers (M/1-44).
Corresponding reference books: SKPR018.
Contents: 258 original nitrate negatives.
Dates: ca. 1920-1933.
Note: Not all film packs contain 12 exposures [i.e. negatives].

NegativesSubjects
261/1-12Harbor and ocean views showing men working on a ship, boats, sea gulls, and waves.
262/1-12Back country views showing rock formations, desert plants, an automobile, an unidentified older man wearing sunglasses, and Roland Schneider with his camera, [1931?].
263/1-12Back country views showing rock formations, cacti, and coati, [1931?]; children on rope crossing river; parade on Grand Avenue in Escondido.
264/1-12Views of people in public swimming pool; two women on horseback.
265/1-12Agua Caliente resort in Tijuana: man diving into swimming pool, Florence Kemmler and her parents in an automobile, and people dining in a restaurant.
266/1-12Florence Kemmler holding two cockatoos; sailors sitting beneath deck guns aboard USS Detroit; deep sea diving suit; carrier USS Saratoga (CV-3) at anchor in San Diego Bay.
267/1-12Group portrait of officers and civilians on deck of cruiser USS Detroit, [1931?]; snow scenes, including Florence Kemmler, her parents, and Roland Schneider holding snowballs.
268/1-12Snow scenes [in back country?], including group portraits of Roland Schneider with Florence Kemmler and her family.
269/1-12Portraits of Florence Kemmler and her sister-in-law Ethel Kemmler; views of Mission San Diego de Alcala and Roland Schneider preparing to take a photograph with his camera.
270/1-12Men painting ship; woman sitting in deck chair on passenger ship; views of mission.
271/1-12Animals in the San Diego Zoo; amusement park ride.
272/1-12Crystal Window Cleaning Company, automobile, and workers on 8th Street; interior and exterior views of Amy Strong Castle [later Castle H Ranch] near Ramona; U.S. Navy dirigible in flight.
273/1-12[La Jolla?] shoreline and children playing on beach; Star House Movers, building raised off foundation; [dam?] construction site.
274/1-12Views of San Diego harbor, piers, boats, ships; rural school.
275/1-12Horses in corral; Tournament of Roses parade floats in Pasadena, 1933.
276/1-12Tournament of Roses parade floats, 1933.
277/1-12Fishing boats, pier; USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”).
278/1-12USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”); docked cargo ship unloading.
279/1-12USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”).
280/1-12USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”); men, some in uniform, walking down gangplank; residential street and view of ocean from back of house.
281/1-12Views of [Roland Schneider’s?] house and yard, Roland Schneider with his camera sitting on bench; aerialists; portraits of Florence Kemmler and family members.
M/1-44Snapshots of Kemmler family members [possibly taken before the Kemmler family moved to San Diego], some include Roland Schneider; a welcome home parade for Ohio World War I veterans; “The Castaneda” hotel in Las Vegas, New Mexico, and Otto Kemmler’s OK Inn, [ca. 1920].

Boxes 11-12
Contains 1,486 contact prints from original nitrate negatives with corresponding negative number noted on each print. See also reference books SKPR001-009 for group A and SKPR010-018 for group B copy prints.
Box 13
Contains 183 photographic prints, chiefly enlargements (8 x 10 in. and 11 x 14 in.) from original nitrate negatives with corresponding negative number noted on each print. Also includes a few miscellaneous original photographs with no corresponding negatives.
Boxes 14-15
Contains 26 photographs of Roland Schneider and Florence Kemmler dressed in various costumes mounted on oval (5 x 7 cm.), mirror-backed, metal badges.