Philip II, King of Spain, copied from a contemporary portrait.
Soldier types, equipment, and style of the 1500s:
A. Cannoeer. B. Longbowman. C. Halberdier of Pikeman.
D. Harquebusier. E. Officer, Swordsman, and Cavalryman. F. Crossbowman or Arbaletist.
Mercator projection of the world, showing the lines of Demarcation as they were agreed upon by Spain and Portugal at the Treaty of Saragossa in 1529
Picture of Galleon from the Naval Museum in Madrid.
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